Digital Librarian: a librarian's choice of the best of the Web
Digital Librarian is maintained by Margaret Vail Anderson, a librarian in Cortland, New York
Best starting places: American Memory (Library of Congress) and HathiTrust
Last updated 22 September 2013
African Americans |
American Indian Studies |
Asian Resources |
Classics & Ancient World |
Historical News Archives |
Latin American Resources |
Medieval & Renaissance Studies |
Middle East |
Railroads & Waterways |
The Southwest |
- Abraham Lincoln Papers - A collaborative project of the Library of Congress Manuscript Division and Lincoln Studies Center, Knox College. Also available in full is Abraham Lincoln: A Life by Michael Burlingame. The book was published by Johns Hopkins University Press in 2006, this version is "the author's original unedited manuscript. This manuscript is accessible by individual chapters, which are displayed in searchable, read-only PDF format." The online collection consists of consists of approximately 20,000 documents, “most from the 1850s through Lincoln's presidential years, 1860-65.” The collection of Lincoln papers “comprises approximately 61,000 images and 10,000 transcriptions.” Some examples:
- Thurlow Weed to [Abraham Lincoln], Wednesday, November 02, 1864: “Major Richardson, our Agent to collect Sailors votes on the Blockading Ships...The Sailors are nearly all against us, for a simple but potent reason -- their Grog has been stopped!...157th N. Y. Madison, Chenango and Cortland -- may be called unanimous for Lincoln.”
- Uri H. Patterson, et al., Monday, November 23, 1863 (Affidavits on behalf of Adolphus Morse) who lived in Homer, New York. - “Adolphus Morse a private in Co. F. 76th reg. N. Y. Vols. (now with said Regiment near Rappahannoc Station Va.) has been tried, convicted and sentenced to be shot on Friday Nov. 27th for desertion. The papers herewith submitted show. That when he enlisted in said Reg. he was scarcely 18 years of age and could neither read nor write. That he was enlisted on the express agreement that if he was not made a sergeant or other non-Commissioned officer he was not to be held but his name was to be stricken from the rolls, and his enlistment to be void. That he staid a short time with the Regiment and deserted He returned home and worked openly with no effort at concealment for six months, asserting his right, to do so, because the recruiting officer had failed to perform his part of the Contract. That his father and family are respectable, loyal people, having lost one son in the service and had another disabled, and that the deserter had always sustained a good character, and that in the opinion of numerous of the first citizens of his town, he deserted because of a misapprehension of his rights and duties, he being young and ignorant. We would Respectfully request that he may receive a pardon at your hands or a Commutation of his sentence....”[Note 1 On November 25, Lincoln ordered the suspension of Morse's execution. See Collected Works, VII, 31.]
- Abraham Lincoln Association Serials - "Between 1940 and 1952, the Abraham Lincoln Association published fifty-two issues of The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly, a journal with original articles regarding all facets of Abraham Lincoln's life and the world in which he lived." Users can search or browse journals. The Bulletin is also accessible in volume/issue order.
- Affiches du Comité d'histoire de la deuxième guerre mondiale - Digitized documents of Occupied France (1939-1945) from the Centre historique des Archives nationales (CHAN). Among them is document number 72AJ/932, Affiche émanant de la Cour martiale annonçant la condamnation à mort d'un espion, announcing the court martial and execution of Louis Berrier for espionage on August 3, 1941.
- African-American Women - Scanned images of manuscript pages and full text of the writings of African-American women from the Special Collections Library, Duke University. Other Digitized Collections at Duke include Civil War Women and Digital Durham.
- Alaska's Digital Archives - Provides access to over 5,000 historical phhotographs and objects including the following photographs by Brian Allen:
- Nepcetaq Mask - UA2002-010-0005
- Eagle-headed dagger - UA92-001-0001-2
- Sealskin Belt and Pouch - UA64-021-0137-2
- Babiche Bag
- Beaded Boots - UA97-025-0049AB
- Beaded Mitten - UA68-005-0001AB
- Beaded Moccasins - UA2002-007-0007AB
- Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Papers - Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. Browse or search the Federalist Papers.
- Alexander Palace Time Machine - "Enter the world of the last tsar and his family." You can zoom to Fabergé Imperial Eggs. (Bob Atchison, Pallasart Web Design)
- ALHFAM: the Association for Living History, Farm and Agricultural Museums - Has links to Living History, Agricultural, and Open-Air Museums.
- All Hands Archive - Magazine of the U.S. Navy. "The first 'issue' of All Hands was printed as the Bureau of Navigation
News Bulletin No. 1 (dated Aug. 30, 1922). Twenty years later, the title was changed to Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin. As America claimed 'Victory in Europe'
on the cover of June 1945, the magazine's new banner read, All Hands, and the name stuck." Full-text of the military publication is available online. Very useful as a primary
source for World War II (1939-1945). Currently not searchable but you can access issues by date. Includes first hand reports, casualty figures, decorations and citations,
commendations, promotions, change of command, uniforms, rationing, education etc. As an example, here are some of the contents of the
January 1943 issue:
- First Account of Kiska Bombing - pp. 6-9
- An Appendectomy by Amateurs: Using spoons and going by the book, submarine crew meets emergency and saves man's life - pp. 10-12
- The Action in North Africa: Eye-witness accounts by returned Naval personnel give vivid picture of operation - p. 42
- Women and Military Etiquette: Rules established for WAVES and Nurses - pp. 35-36
- Studies by the Hundreds of Thousands: The training course works quietly, but copies shipped each month are rising steadily - pp. 39-40
- Other issues:
- April 1, 1942, Number 301
- June 1943
- May 1944 - Number 326. Mentions hanging, coral airstrips, leather, Howard Hughes
- June 1944
- September 1944
- October 1944 - Palau Islands, p. 37
- Alvan Stewart Papers - Approximately 200 handwritten pages of a diary by New York lawyer and abolitionist Alvan Stewart (1790-1849). (Special Collections, Otto G. Richter Library, University of Miami.)
- America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, 1935-1945 - Over 160,000 black & white and color photographs of rural and small town America during the late 1930s from the Library of Congress. "The images are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. In the early years, the project emphasized rural life and the negative impact of the Great Depression, farm mechanization, and the Dust Bowl. In later years, the photographers turned their attention to the mobilization effort for World War II." Photographers include Ben Shahn, Gordon Parks, Dorothea Lange and Walker Evans. Jack Delano (1914-1997) took over 12,000 photographs in this collection, including:
- Waiting for buses in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania - January 1941
- Houses at crossroads, two miles west of Sterling [Virginia] - May 1940
- Wife of a farmer living in the hills near Corozal, Puerto Rico - December 1941
- A discussion between two inebriated merrymakers at the "World's Fair" in Tunbridge, Vermont - September 1941
- In town on a Saturday afternoon, Franklin, Heard County, Georgia - April, May 1941
- Migratory agricultural worker waiting at the Little Creek end of the Norfolk-Cape Charles ferry - July 1940
- Farmhouse at dusk near Presque Isle, Maine - October 1940
- American Agricultural and Rural History - By R. Douglas Hurt, American Studies International, February 1997, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 50-71. This is an excellent survey of books and scholarship in the field and covers such subjects as southern rural life, Native Americans, the Dust Bowl, the livestock and meat packing industry, land policy, agrarian reform, irrigation, farm women, immigrants, agricultural experiment stations, and farm buildings and architecture. Full-text is available in Ebsco databases. Hurt's book - American Agriculture: A Brief History, Purdue University Press, 2002, is searchable in Google Books.
- American Antiquarian Society - Located in Worcester, Massachusetts, the AAS is a “learned society and national research library of pre-twentieth century American history and culture.” Provides access to catalogs and a Members Directory, They offer an annual
Summer Seminar (see Previous Summer Seminars). Other useful resources include:
- Bibliographies at the American Antiquarian Society
- Online Exhibitions
- Portraits in the Collection of the American Antiquarian Society
- Dating American Tract Society Publications Through 1876 from External Evidences: A Series of Tablesby S.J. Wolfe, cataloguer.
- 19th Century American Children's Book Trade Directory
- American Archives: Documents of the American Revolution, 1774-1776 - Nine volumes of pamphlets, booklets, newspaper articles and proceedings published by Peter Force in 1837. The full-text is searchable and there is a Tables of Contents page.
- American Battlefield Protection Program - Highlights of the National Park Service site include:
- Revolutionary War: Military Actions by State
- War of 1812: Military Actions by State
- Civil War Battle Summaries by State
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
- American Civil War Resources - Special Collections Department of the University Libraries at Virginia Tech.
- American Council of Learned Societies - “Federation of 61 national learned societies in the humanities and social sciences,” the site provides a Directory of Constituent Societies, Affiliate Members, and Associates.
- American Experience - PBS. With archives.
- American Heritage
- American Historical Association - Their
Directory of Dissertations in Progress contains "23,881 dissertations that were completed or are currently in progress at 197 academic departments in Canada and the U.S.." The
Online Directory of History Departments and Organizations in the United States and Canada is also available. There is an archive of
Book Prizes awarded since 1896 including the
John Edwin Fagg Prize for the best publication in the history of Spain, Portugal, or Latin America. The
John E. O'Connor Film Award "seeks to recognize outstanding interpretations of history through the medium of film or video."
- American Historical Review
- American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement - This is a valuable resource for schools and universities. Funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum & Library Services and by private donors, American Journeys is a collaborative project of the Wisconsin Historical Society and National History Day.
- Voyage Made by M. John Hawkins Esquire, 1565
- Account of Florida, 1566-1568
- Trial of the Indians of Acoma, 1598
- American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1940 - WPA Folklore Project is searchable by keyword and browsable by state. (American Memory Project, Library of Congress.)
- A Visit With Henry Mitchell, American Indian, Canoe Maker at His Home - As Related by Robert F. Grady. Mitchell, born in 1884, lived on the Penobscot Reservation on Indian Island near Old Town, Maine. He graduated from Carlisle in 1905. "The Indians before my time didn't work much on the other side (in Old Town). About all there were then were saw mills, and there were plenty of whites to run those. The old Indians used to hunt, fish, and serve as guides. They made birch bark canoes and baskets. They didn't get any food allowances from the government as they do now. Living conditions, of course, weren't so good. There were more shacks, no electricity, no city water. We've had the lights for two years now. Almost every house has a radio. The members of older generations didn't care much about the looks of the places they lived in, but now we want things to look as good as possible." See also The Life of Henry Mitchell, Indian Canoe Maker, also by Grady.
- American Memory Project: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library - Library of Congress
- American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920) - Library of Congress collection "comprises 253 published narratives by Americans and foreign visitors recounting their travels in the colonies and the United States and their observations and opinions about American peoples, places, and society from about 1750 to 1920. Also included is the thirty-two-volume set of manuscript sources entitled Early Western Travels, 1748-1846, published between 1904 and 1907 after diligent compilation by the distinguished historian and secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society Reuben Gold Thwaites." A subaltern's furlough; descriptive of scenes in various parts of the United States, upper and lower Canada, New-Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, during the summer and autumn of 1832, Ocean to ocean on horseback; being the story of a tour in the saddle from the Atlantic to the Pacific; with especial reference to the early history and development of cities and towns along the route; and regions traversed beyond the Mississippi (1896) and Travels through the United States of America, in the years 1806 & 1807, and 1809, 1810, & 1811 contain descriptions of upstate New York.
- American Philosophical Society - Founded by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia in 1743, "it houses over 300,000 volumes and bound periodicals, eight million manuscripts, 100,000 images, and thousands of hours of audio tape." Access is provided to
VOLE: The Vaughan On-line Catalog of Printed Materials and MOLE: Manuscripts On-Line Guide provides abstracts of all manuscript collections.
There are some excellent Online Exhibits. The Library offers a number of useful guides including Naval History at the American Philosophical Society: A Guide to Manuscript Collections (2000), Southern Nature Scientific Views of the Colonial American South. The Graphics Department has an Image Gallery. Other online images include Barton-Delafield Botanical Illustrations, Images of Franz Boas, History of Eugenics, Benjamin Franklin Images & Artifacts, Genetics, Lewis and Clark: Illustrations from the Journals, Titian Ramsay Peale Sketches, Philadelphia Views and A Zeno Shindler's American Indian Portraits.
- American Radicalism Collection - Michigan State University Libraries
- Anti-Imperialism in the United States, 1898-1935 - Edited by Jim Zwick, and part of the larger Boondocksnet which has other resources on imperialism.
- Annenberg Media - Media resources for teachers (free streaming video). Registration is required to view the majority of the free material. See also Annenberg Channel. Among the history-related free video resources are:
- A Biography of America - Produced in 2000 by WGBH Boston in cooperation with the Library of Congress and the National Archives and Records Administration.
- Primary Sources: Workshops in American History
- America's History in the Making
- Bridging World History
- The Western Tradition
- The Constitution: That Delicate Balance - Produced by Columbia University Seminars on Media and Society. 1984.
- Art of the Western World
- Archive of Aviation History - “As it appeared in the original pages of Flight Magazine from 1909-2005. Every issue of Flight Magazine published between 1909-2005, digitally scanned and fully searchable.” You can also browse by year. Try searching for Sopwith Camel, British Spad, Rickenbacker, Red Baron (Baron Manfred Van Richthofen), Chuck Yeager. Examples:
- Looking Back: Evolutional Development and Improvisation the Characteristic Feature of 1943: Multiple Functions of Types - Flight Magazine, January 6, 1944. Has photographs and drawings of bombers.
- Captain Baron Von Richthofen Killed - Flight Magazine, April 25, 1918, p. 453. “According to the Times correspondent, Capt. Richthofen was flying a Fokker triplane, No. 2,009, with Le Rhone engines, made in Frankfurt in March, 1918.”
- Archives of Maryland Online - "The first 72 volumes of this series were published between 1883 and 1972 by the Maryland Historical Society. They contain many of the official records of Maryland from 1634 to 1820. We have also added 30 additional volumes to this series in the past year. The website contains images of the originals as well as fully searchable text. This is a continuing project with the end goal of providing access to the legal history of Maryland up to the present day." The archives contains some interesting early records. Volume 6 of the series is a transcription of the Correspondence of Governor Horatio Sharpe, Volume 1,1753-1757 which includes some material about Indian Affairs. Starting on page 436 of this volume is a lengthy account from Fort George in New York on 4th June 1756, in which the author writes about Sir William Johnson, the Mohawks, and the Onondago (sic).
- ArcHSearch - Online catalog of archaeological resources compiled by the Archaeology Data Service. Includes over 350,000 records, primarily from the UK.
- Arctic Blue Books Online - University of Manitoba. A searchable electonic version of "Andrew Taylor's unique index to the 19th Century British Parliamentary Papers concerned with the Canadian Arctic." A keyword search for scurvy retrieves a record for sledgers, scurvy among on p.462. This takes you to report by the Fleet Surgeon, Thomas Colan, on the condition of men on the expedition led by Sir George S. Nares into northeastern Ellesmere Island in 1875-6. There are extensive descriptions of the harrowing ordeal taken directly from expedition journals and diaries. Names to search for include Nares, Markham, Beaumont, Parr, Aldrich, Rawson, Egerton, and Conybeare. On p. 4l4 Lt. Wyatt Rawson describes the death of James Hand on Saturday June 3rd, at Thank God Harbour (Polaris Bay, Greenland).
- Arctic Dawn: the Journeys of Samuel Hearn - Rod Davidek's revised version of A Journey from Prince of Wale's Fort in Hudson's Bay to the Northern Ocean undertaken by order of the Hudson's Bay Company for the Discovery of Copper Mines, a North West Passage, &c. in the Years, 1769, 1770, 1771 & 1772, originally published in 1795.
- Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record - Hundreds of images arranged in 18 categories (University of Virginia Library).
- Atomic Bomb Decision - Gene Dannen's site, subtitled Documents on the decision to use atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, provides full-text documents from the U.S. National Archives.
- Australian History: Selected Websites - National Library of Australia.
- Avalon Project at the Yale Law School - Digital documents relevant to the fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government.
- Bancroft Prize - Awarded annually by Columbia University to the authors of distinguished works in either or both of the following categories: American History (including biography) and Diplomacy. Columbia University Libraries provides a list of Previous Winners from 1948 to the present.
- Archives nationales - Bases de données Archim - France.
- Lettre de Benjamin Franklin adressée à George Washington pour lui recommander le prince Emmanuel de Salm, colonel du régiment d'Anhalt. Document rédigé en anglais, daté du 25 mars 1780, à Passy. - Letter of introduction written by Benjamin Franklin at Passy for George Washington to present to Prince Emmanuel de Salm, Colonel du régiment d'Anhalt, 25 March 1780.
- Bayeux Tapestry - The Reading Museum owns a Victorian replica of the Tapestry and provides Scene by Scene Contents. Probably commissioned by Bishop Odo of Bayeux to portray the events of the Norman Conquest of 1066, it is actually an embroidery not a tapestry. The French know it as La Tapisserie de la reine Mathilde. These events are also described in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. See 1066: The Hidden History In The Bayeux Tapestry (2005) by by Andrew Bridgeford.
- BBC History
- Benjamin Franklin: A Documentary History - The material at this site was compiled as a source for a biography of Franklin by J. A. Leo Lemay, a professor of Colonial American Literature at the University of Delaware. It is actually an enhanced timeline, or chronology, divided in seven parts. (For example, there is a section on Franklin's life as a Printer: 1757-1730 with a sidebar where you can access the events of a specific year.)
- Benjamin Marston Diaries Project - "Prosperous and respected Harvard graduate whose peaceful and comfortable life was torn asunder by the turmoil of the American Revolution. A declared Loyalist, Marston quickly lost his wealth, position and family, and spent the remaining 17 years of his life struggling to survive." (University of New Brunswick Libraries, Electronic Text Centre.)
- Bethlehem Digital History Project - "Digitization and web publication of specific primary source materials relating to the early history of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania....selected to increase accessibility to sources that illuminate key elements of the Bethlehem community from its founding in 1741 through 1844." There are Journal Selections, Letters, Memoirs, Indian Diaries, and Community Records. (Moravian College and Theological Seminary)
- BIAB Online: the British & Irish Archaeological Bibliography - "Contains datasets covering publications from AD 1695 to the present day on archaeology and the historic environment, historic buildings, maritime and industrial archaeology, environmental history, and the conservation of material culture - with a geographical focus on Britain and Ireland."
- Bibliographies of New England History - Volume 9 contains 4,231 citations to books, dissertations, pamphlets, and magazine and journal articles, most of which were published between 1989 and 1994.
- Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
- Bilddatenbank Fotoarchiv Hoffmann - Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek. A searchable database of over 66,000 photographs by Heinrich Hoffmann, Hitler's official photographer. A name search for Churchill retrieves 34 photographs, a name search for Braun, Eva (who was once Hoffmann's office assistant) retrieves over 350 images including one of her as a child, A search for Berchtesgaden, Hitler's retreat in the Bavarian Alps near the German-Austrian border, retrieves over 2,000 results. If you're interested, you can see the monogram on Hitler's silverware.
- Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 - Library of Congress collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery and 500 black-and-white photographs of former slaves.
- Boston Athenæum - Their collections consist of over a half a million volumes and are particularly strong in the areas of Boston history, New England state and local history, biography, English and American literature, and the fine and decorative arts. With description of their Collections and access to the Online Catalog.
- Brigham Young University Library Catalogs - The Harold B. Lee Library has rich holdings in genealogy and history. See also L. Tom Perry Special Collections and the description of the Collections & Archives.
- British Academy Lectures Online - History-related lectures include:
- Coercion and Consent in Nazi Germany - Professor R J Evans, FBA, University of Cambridge, 24 May 2006. (Raleigh Lecture on History)
- The Nation Within: India at War 1939-45 - Professor Christopher Bayly, FBA, University of Cambridge, 26 November 2003 (Raleigh Lecture on History)
- The Influence of History in Public Life - Dr Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Peter Hennessy, Quentin Skinner, and Baroness O’Neill reflected upon the role of individual and collective historical consciousness in forming public attitudes and values, and in informing political decisions.
- Abraham Lincoln: The Great Emancipator - Professor Eric Foner, FBA, Columbia University, 5 November 2003. (Sarah Tryphena Phillips Lecture in American History)
- British History Online - "The digital library of text and information about people, places and businesses from the medieval and early modern period, built by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust." A search for Blenheim, for example, retrieves 114 results, among which is Blenheim - The King's houses, an excerpt from A History of the County of Oxford: Volume XII.
- British Library
- Collect Britain: Putting History in Place - "90.000 images and sounds from the British Library." Highlights of the collection include:
King George III Topographical Collection consists of over 2,500 watercolours, drawings and prints;
Penny Illustrated, a newspaper published between 1861 and 1913;
Crace Collection of Maps of London, Victorian designer, Frederick Crace's collection of maps from the 16th to the 19th centuries;
Evanion Collection of Ephemera, over 1,800 Victorial advertisements and posters;
Illuminated Manuscripts, "3,000 stunning images from key manuscripts of the 8th to 15th centuries";
Asia, Pacific & Africa Collections; and
English Accents and Dialects, more than 650 audio files. Try a search for Arthur Fox Strangways, Linnaeus Tripe; John Buckler, Charles Alban Buckler, Jane Baker;
- Manuscript Collections
- Closed Collections
- Manuscript Catalog - Offers a single means of access to the mainstream catalogues of the Department of Manuscripts covering accessions from 1753 to the present day. A descriptions search for Florence Nightingale, for example, retrieves 51 results. A search for Pocahontas retrieves one record, "a letter from John Rolf (d. 1622) to the King [James I]. Without date, but doubtless written in England in 1616-1617, Rolf with his wife Pocahontas, having accompanied Sir Thomas Dale, acting Governor of the Colony, on his return to this country in May, 1616." The record states that the letter was "but first printed in the Southern Literary Messenger, Richmond, Virginia, 1839, p. 401". The full-text of the June 1839 issue of the Southern Literary Messenger is one of a number of 19th century journals digitized by the Making of America Project at the University of Michigan. There is another series of journals at Cornell's MoA (Making of America).
- British Library Newspapers - The catalogue has entries for over 52,000 newspaper and periodical titles.
- Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
- Turning the Pages
- Images Online
- British Pathe Limited - Digital news archive. You can "preview items from the entire 3500 hour British Pathe Film Archive which covers news, sport, social history and entertainment from 1896 to 1970." Managed by ITN Archive.
- British Voices from South Asia - Louisiana State University exhibition based on a series of taped interviews with British people who lived and worked in India before Independence in 1947.
- Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) - Library of Congress collection of measured drawings, large-format photographs, and written histories for more than 35,000 historic structures and sites dating from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. Search by keyword or browse by subject or geographic location. Samples:
- Built-in Cabinets at a Shaker Church Family Dwelling House, Shaker Village Road, Canterbury, Merrimack County, NH, taken by photographer Bill Finney in 1976
- Merchant & Drovers Tavern, Saint George's & Westfield Avenues, Rahway, Union County, NJ (legend has it that George Washington stopped here), taken by photographer R. Merritt Lacey, April 14, 1936
- Jedediah Barber House, 18 North Main Street, Homer, Cortland County, NY, photo taken some time after 1933
- Bailey Island Bridge, Bailey Island, Cumberland County, ME, taken taken by photographer Jet Lowe (?), 1984.
- Indian Castle Church, State Route 55, Town of Danube, Herkimer County (Fort Hendrick), New York - Four photographs taken by photographer Nelson E. Baldwin on May 5, 1936. "Indian Castle Church was built in 1769 by Captain Samuel Clyde for Sir William Johnson, who presented it to the Canajoharies (Mohawks of the Upper or Canajoharie Mohawks Castle), in 1770. It is the only Colonial Indian Mission Chursch standing in New York State and the only surviving Colonial building of the Mohawks or Iroquois Castles. The Church was built on land owned by Joseh Brandt [Brant], the famous Mohawk Chieftain, who was noted for his pity [piety?] and who translated the gospel of St. Mark into the Mohawk language. During the Revolution, the Mohawk Indian raiders, formerly residents here, attempted to steal the bell of this old church. They, however, neglected to fasten its clapper and its ringing awakened the parish settlers who armed themselves, sallied out and recovered the old church bell." (Data Page 2].
- Cabinet Secretaries´ Notebooks from World War Two - National Archives (UK). These are the minutes taken by Sir Norman Brook, Deputy Cabinet Secretary. On 19 March 1945 (p. 47 of the third notebook, CAB 195/3) Winston Churchill discusses the admission of women into the Foreign Service: P.M. [Churchill]: "I didn't like idea of their [women] entering Parlt. [Parliament] but it turned out better than I feared.
Concede the theory & you have no trouble in practice. Do it here, too. You can use women in A.A. batteries: why not in Foreign Service."
- "California as I Saw It:" First-Person Narratives of California's Early Years, 1849-1900 - Full texts and illustrations of 190 works documenting the formative era of California's history through eyewitness accounts from the Library of Congress American Memory Project.
- Caltech Archives Oral Histories Online
- Interview with Frank Oppenheimer - Younger brother of J. Robert Oppenheimer
- Calvin Shedd Papers - Subtitled The Civil War in Florida: Letters of a New Hampshire Soldier, this University of Miami site has 53 transcripts of letters written by Calvin Shedd, a member of the Seventh Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteers, while he was stationed in Florida from 1862-1863. There are also images,
biographical data and information on the
Seventh Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteers.
- Cambodian Genocide Program - Yale University site contains photographs, biographies, maps and other resources that document the atrocities of Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.
- Canadian Encyclopedia Online - Full-text, multimedia encylopedia in English and French. (Provided by Historica, a foundation whose mandate is to provide Canadians with a deeper understanding of their history.) There is an article on Les îles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
- Canadian Heritage Gallery - Extensive collection of historical photos, original documents, Canadian artwork, maps, and illustrations. The Galleries are organized by subject. For example, there are sections for First Nations, Places and People.
- Canadian Heritage Information Network - Has directories to museums, archives, and libraries in Canada and around the world.
- Canadian Museum of Civilization - Site provides a variety of information on indigenous cultures, archaeology, folk art and Canadian history. Virtual Collection Storage provides images of items on the museum, including some very handsome mittens and belts in the Ethnology Collection. Also provided is a collection of links to Online Resources for Canadian Heritage.
- Canadian Studies: A Guide to the Sources - By John D. Blackwell, Reference Department, Brandeis University Libraries, and Laurie C.C. Stanley-Blackwell, Department of History, St. Francis Xavier University.
- Canadian War Museum - Ottowa. Canvas at War features paintings of activities of the Armed Forces during the First and Second World Wars. Browsable by artist.
- Canadian War Poster Collection - McGill University collection of war posters from World War I and World War II is accessible by subject and by artist.
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- Center for Research Libraries - "CRL is a consortium of North American universities, colleges, and independent research libraries. The consortium acquires and preserves traditional and digital resources for research and teaching and makes them available to member institutions through interlibrary loan and electronic delivery." Access is provided to the catalog, there are topics guides and there are searchable databases for Civilian Conservation Corp. Camp Papers, Ethnic Press, U.S. Ethnic Newspapers and Foreign Newspapers (but no access to full-text). FOCUS, The Center's Newsletter, is available in pdf format back to May/June 1998.
- Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates 1774-1873 - Offers more than 500,000 digital items, including page images and searchable text. "The journals, debates, and legislation of the federal congresses from 1789 to 1873 form the core of the collection, including the House Journal, Senate Journal and Senate Executive Journal, Annals of Congress, Register of Debates, The Congressional Globe, and the Statutes at Large. The site also offers documents on the Continental Congress and constitutional debates (1774-89) in the Journals of the Continental Congress, Farrand's Records of the Federal Convention of 1787 and The Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (Elliot's Debates), as well as selected documents from the U.S. Serial Set." (American Memory Project, Library of Congress.)
- Centre historique des Archives nationales - French historical documents and images have recently been made available. (You may use Alta Vista's Babelfish to navigate the site, which is available only in French.) For example in ARCHIM, la banque d'images numériques, you can browse documents and images by theme (Consultation des dossiers thématiques).
- Charles Booth Online Archive - Guides, digitized images and maps of Victorial London from the collections at the London School of Economics and Political Science and the University of London Library.
- Château de Versailles - Also available in English, the site provides extensive information on the places, people, life, and masterpieces of the château.
- Chicago Historical Society - Features online exhibition "Great Chicago Fire and the Web of Memory."
- Christine's Genealogy Website - Christine Cheryl Charity has assembled an impressive collection of African American genealogy resources.
- Chronology of Russian History (1689-1916) - Robert Beard
- Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers - National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), Library of Congress. You can "search and read newspaper pages from 1900-1910 and find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present." Currently viewable in full-text are newspapers from California, District of Columbia, Florida, Kentucky, New York, Utah, and Virginia. Among New York Newspapers are New-York tribune, The Evening World, and The Sun.
- Civil War Letters of Galutia York - Galutia York was the oldest son of a farm family from Hubbardsville, New York. Site maintained by Sue Greenhagen.
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System - Database of more than 230,000 names of the United States Colored Troops (USCT); includes histories of units and regiments and links to their most significant battles
- Civil War Preservation Trust - Battlefield preservation organization
- Civil War Women - Duke University
- Classics of American Colonial History - Access to full-text of books and articles from the 1890s to the 1920s, listed by author and subject. Journals include American Historical Review, Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Annals of the Association of American Geographers and the Political Science Quarterly.
- Cleveland Digital Library - Cleveland State University
- Clio Online - History portal has links to thousands of German Institutions including libraries, archives, museums and universities. There is also an extensive Web Directory.
- Cold War International History Project - Woodrow Wilson Center
- Colonial Connecticut Records: the Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut 1636-1776 - The University of Connecticut, with the assistance of the Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, has digitized microfilm copies of Connecticut (Colony). The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, from April 1636 to October 1776 ... transcribed and published, (in accordance with a resolution of the General assembly). Hartford: Brown & Parsons. 1850-1890. 15 vols. Although not yet searchable by keyword, each volume is carefully indexed.
- Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
- Colorado Digitization Program - The projects include: Heritage Colorado Collections, Colorado's Historic Newspaper Collection, Colorado's Main Streets, Western Trails
- Columbus Navigation Homepage - Keith A. Pickering's site is subtitled "Examining the History, Navigation, and Landfall of Christopher Columbus.
- Common-place - Articles on American history before 1900. Sponsored by the American Antiquarian Society in association with the Florida State University Department of History.
- Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN): The Northern Ireland Conflict - Joint undertaking of the University of Ulster, the Queen's University of Belfast and the Linen Hall Library, Belfast, the "project aims to develop a collaborative multi-media database of resources relevant to teaching and research on the Northern Ireland conflict."
- Connecticut History Online - Digital image collection of 14,000 photographs, drawings and prints, browsable by keyword, subject, creator, title and date. Collaborative effort of the Connecticut Historical Society, the Mystic Seaport Museum, and the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center at the University of Connecticut.
- Conversations with History - Series moderated by Harry Kreisler produced at the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley features interviews with "diplomats, statesmen, and soldiers; economists and political analysts; scientists and historians; writers and foreign correspondents; activists and artists." Organized by name, profession, topic and chronology.
- Cultural Readings: Colonization and Print in the Americas - "Exhibiton from the collections of the Jay I. Kislak Foundation and the Rosenbach Museum & Library, sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania Library."
- DAPHNE - Data in Archeology, Prehistory and History on the Net - "Portal providing a single entry point to free subject-oriented bibliographic databases."
- David Rumsey Collection - Over 11,000 high-resolution digital images of maps from the David Rumsey Collection, one of the largest private collections of historic maps in the United States. The collection focuses on 18th and 19th century North and South American cartographic materials and includes atlases, globes, school geographies, maritime charts, and a variety of separate maps including pocket, wall, children’s and manuscript maps. The site has 36 complete atlases including Jefferys' American Atlas (1776), Popple's Map of the British Empire in America (1733), Collot's Journey in North America (1796), Tanner's American Atlas(1823), Burr's American (Postal) Atlas (1839), and Garcia Cubas' Atlas Pintoresco (1885).
- Death of the Father: An anthropology of ends in political authority - A project of the Cornell Institute for Digital Collections, in which an international team of anthropologists and artists "address the end of an authority crisis that spanned most of this century, and that crystallized around the regimes of Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Imperial Japan, and the State Socialist systems of East Germany, Yugoslavia, Romania, and the Soviet Union." There is material on Mussolini, Hitler, Hirohito, Ceausescu, Stalin and Tito.
- Deb's Historical Research Page - Deborah Lawson
- Democracy in America: Tocqueville's America (1831-32) - "Virtual tour of America based on Tocqueville's itinerary, on his and his friend Beaumont's letters and journals, on contemporaneous accounts of other foreign visitors, and on a variety of examples of material culture of the period", as well as the full-text of his Democracy in America (American Studies Programs at the University of Virginia)
- Decisive Day is Come The Battle of Bunker Hill - Massachusetts Historical Society
- Deutsches Historisches Museum / German Historical Museum
- Diary of Philip Hone, 1828-1851 - Philip Hone (1780-1851) was mayor of New York City in 1826 and 1827. "Tall and spare, his bearing was distinguished, his face handsome and refined; his manners were courtly, of what is known as the “old school;” his tact was great, - he had a faculty for saying the right thing. In his own house his hospitality was enhanced by a graceful urbanity and a ready wit. “ (Page vi-vii, vol 1.)
His opinionated and entertaining diary records events both large and small. See also vol. 2. Cornell's Making of America Project provides searchable, full-text access to the 1889 edition published by Dodd, Mead and edited by Bayard Tuckerman. A later edition of the book, edited and with an introduction by Allan Nevins, was published by Dodd, Mead in 1936. The entire 28 volume diary, owned by the New-York Historical Society, has never been published, although it is available in microfilm. Following is the catalog description for the manuscript diaries which can be found in BobCat, the online catalog for NYU which includes New-York Historical Society holdings. "Hone, a wealthy, prominent and cultured man, writes of the hundreds of prominent people with whom he came in contact: statesmen, artists, politicians, authors, businessmen, and others. He records the balls, dinners, and other entertainments he attends; national and local issues of the day; events in New York such as fires, riots, and visits of prominent foreigners; activities of the many cultural and philanthropic organizations which he assisted; his interest in newspapers, art, banks and banking, business conditions, railroads, and theatre; and his close involvement with the Whig Party. The notebook portion of the first volume includes texts of speeches he gave, lists of people "invited to dine", and copies of corresondence."
Here are a few excerpts from the online edition: "Nothing is talked of or thought of in New York but Croton water: fountains, aqueducts, hydrants, and hose attract our attention and impede our progress through the streets. Political spouting has given place to water-spouts, and the free current of water has diverted the attention of the people from the vexed questions of the confused state of the national currency." (October 12, 1842, vol. 2, p. 150). "A great steamboat race came off between the "Cornelius Vanderbilt," which bears the name of her enterprising proprietor, and the "Oregon," Captain Law. They went to Croton Point and returned, seventy-five miles, in three hours and fifteen minutes, - a rate of speed which would carry a vessel to Liverpool in five or six days. The "Oregon" gained the race, and Captain Vanderbilt was beaten for once." (June 1, 1847, vol. 2, p. 310).
- Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online - See also The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas - Full-text of the out-of-print book edited by Philip P. Wiener, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1973-74. Topics include nature, humanity, art, history, politics, religion and philosophy, math and logic. Made available by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library.
- Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse - Short articles on people, places and themes in Swiss history. The articles are available in French, German and Italian and there is a short description of the DHS in English. Hosted by the Swiss Nationial Library and published under the auspices of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and the General Swiss Society of Historical Research, the work will eventually contain 35,000 entries. For example, there are entries (in French) for Emigration, Napoleon, the Alps and Bibliothèques.
- Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, And Presenting the Past on the Web - By Daniel J. Cohen, Assistant Professor in the Department of History and Art History at George Mason University, and Roy Rosenzweig, Mark and Barbara Fried Professor of History & New Media at George Mason University. They were interviewed by Kojo Nnamdi of WAMU on January 10, 2006 (Collecting History of the Present). There is also a website for Digital History A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web
- Digital Library of Canada: History - National Library of Canada.
- Directory Of National Park Service Historians (2005)
- Discovering Lewis and Clark - "Its centerpiece is a 19-part overview of the expedition by Harry Fritz, Professor of History at the University of Montana, illustrated with selections from the journals of the expedition, photograph, maps, moving pictures, and sound files."
- Documenting the American South - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill collection of full-text primary sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. Includes, for example, the full-text of Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro: His Anti-slavery Labours in the United States, Canada, & England (1855) by Samuel Ringgold Ward. Includes the following collections:
- The Colonial and State Records of North Carolina
- North American Slave Narratives
- First-Person Narratives of the American South
- Library of Southern Literature
- Oral Histories of the American South
- The Southern Homefront, 1861-1865
- The Church in the Southern Black Community.
- Documents diplomatiques suisses - This Swiss database has over 7000 online documents relating to international relations and diplomacy during and after World War II. The database, known as DDS - DoDiS has a simple search (recherche simple), Advanced Search (Recherche combinée) and a liste thématique.
Try a search for Truman - you'll retrieve a number of full-text documents in many languages (German, French, English). There is a telegram dated Washington 11.8.45 (August 11, 1945) from Max Grässli (1902-1985), a member of the Légation de Suisse in Washington, in which he forwards the response of Secretary of State James Byrnes: “Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your note of August 10 and in reply to inform you that the President of the United States has directed me to send to you for transmission by your Government to the Japanese Government the following message on behalf of the Governments of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Union of Sovietsocialist Republics and China. With regard to the Japanese Government's message accepting the terms of the Potsdam proclamation....” (Hiroshima was bombed on August 6th, 1945, Nagasaki three days later).
- Doug Guthrie Collection of Civil War Letters - Baylor University. Includes complete transcriptions of the letters.
- Dramas of Haymarket -Selected materials from the Chicago Historical Society's Haymarket Affair Digital Collection. There is a Table of Contents for the digital collection which includes wood engravings, broadsides and trial documents.
- Drawn Sword: engravings and woodcuts from the MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection - "The MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection is a resource of international importance. Some 3,500 books and 1,000 pamphlets cover every aspect of the Jacobite rebellions, the causes and effects, and the personalities, royal, national and local." (University of Aberdeen.)
- Dutch Revolt: Revolution and civil war in the Low Countries (ca. 1550 - ca. 1650) - Leiden University. Available in Dutch, English, French and Spanish. Access to texts (translated into English) is provided.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission - Contains the full-text of over 3800 documents from Eisenhower's diary and correspondance from January 21, 1953 to December 1, 1960. You can search the Presidential Papers for the First Term and the Second Term. There is a Chronology and Notes on the Electronic Edition by Bernard C. Pobiak.
- Early America Review
- Early Americas Digital Archive (EADA) - "Collection of electronic texts originally written in or about the Americas from 1492 to approximately 1820... Published and supported by the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH) at the University of Maryland."
- Early Canadiana Online - "Full text online collection of more than 3,000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century. The collection is particularly strong in literature, women's history, native studies, travel and exploration, and the history of French Canada."
- Early Virginia Religious Petitions - 423 petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802 on "such topics as the historic debate over the separation of church and state championed by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, the rights of dissenters such as Quakers and Baptists, the sale and division of property in the established church, and the dissolution of unpopular vestries."
- Economic History Services - Includes Abstracts in Economic History designed to assist economic historians in sharing information about their work, with searchable Archive. Also provides Ask the Professor (with Archive), Book Reviews, (searchable with Library), Course Syllabi, List Information and links to Other Resources.
- Edward S. Curtis's The North American Indian - "One of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture...Featured here are all of the published photogravure images including over 1500 illustrations bound in the text volumes, along with over 700 portfolio plates." (Library of Congress.)
- EH.Net Encyclopedia of Economic and Business History - Edited by Robert Whaples of Wake Forest University, this searchable encyclopedia is part of the Economic History Services fileserver, "created in 1993 to assist economists, historians and related social scientists through the use of electronic communication and information technology." Another useful feature is their What Was the Interest Rate Then? which "presents twelve interest rate series for the United Kingdom and the United States."
- 1896: the Presidential Campaign Cartoons and Commentary - Rebecca Edwards and Sarah DeFeo have collected hundreds of political cartoons published in newspapers around the country which offer a window into political structures and issues, society, and culture in the United States, just before the turn of the last century.
- Eighteenth-Century Resources - Jack Lynch, University of Pennsylvania
- Eighteenth-Century Studies - Archives works of the eighteenth century from the perspectives of literary and cultural studies. Novels, plays, memoirs, treatises and poems of the period are kept here (in some cases, influential texts from before 1700 or after 1800 as well), along with modern criticism.
- Ellis Island - Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation
- Emma Goldman Papers - University of California, Berkeley
- Encyclopedia of Cleveland History - Online version includes everything contained in the printed version of the book, with images and index. Sponsored jointly by Case Western Reserve University and the Western Reserve Historical Society.
- Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions - Over 100 articles by scholars from around the world. See
Table of Contributors and
Table of Contents.
- Endurance: Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition - American Museum of Natural History exhibition on Sir Ernest Shackleton's 1914 voyage to the Antarctic. (See also Nova Online's Shackleton's Antarctic Odyssey.)
- Engines of of our Ingenuity - Over 1300 episodes from the NPR series written and hosted by John Lienhard and KUHF-FM, Houston, with topics that range "from cable cars to Civil War submarines, from the connection between Romantic poets and Victorian science to the invention of the bar code." The site is searchable and includes an Index to the Episodes
and a Keyword list of episodes.
- English Server: Accessible Online Publishing (EServer) - Offers History and Historiography and Eighteenth-Century Studies sections.
- Ephrata Cloister - "One of America's earliest religious communities, the Ephrata Cloister was founded in 1732 by German settlers." There is an interesting museum store with hand-crafted goods (not yet online) and you can order authentic Pennsylvania German fare at the Cloister Restaurant across the street.
- Essays in History - Annual journal sponsored by the Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. The journal is searchable and the full-text of Volumes 33 to 42 (1990-2000) are available online. (ISSN 0071-1411)
- EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents From Western Europe - Richard Hacken, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University
European Visual Archive (EVA) - Searchable image resource of over 18,0000 historical photographs dating from 1840.
- European Voyages of Exploration: the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries - University of Calgary Department of History
- Excerpts from Slave Narratives - Edited by Steven Mintz, University of Houston. Part of the Jon K. Moller's Transatlantic Slave Trade
- Exploring the West from Monticello - Alderman Library, University of Virginia.
- Fate of Franklin: A Multimedia Museum of the Cultural Histories of Arctic Exploration - Russell A. Potter's site about the disappearance of Sir John Franklin and the crews of the Erebus and the Terror on an 1845 expedition to locate the Northwest Passage. (See also Franklin expedition graves located in Nunavut, August 29, 2000 (CBC News).
- First American West The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820 - American Memory, Library of Congress
- First-Person Narratives of the American South, 1860-1920 - Library of Congress site "includes the diaries, autobiographies, memoirs, travel accounts, and ex-slave narratives of not only prominent individuals, but also of relatively inaccessible populations: women, African Americans, enlisted men, laborers, and Native Americans."
- First Contact - Fons Bloemen's site provides reports of the initial encounters of Europeans and the Papua's of south New Guinea between 1606 and 1925.
- Florida Historical Quarterly - Over 300 issues, from April, 1908 to Spring 2003, are available online. You can search the full-text.
- Foreign Relations of the United States - "Official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity." The Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. State Department, provides information and documents from the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson admininstations in Volumes Online as well as detailed Summaries of Recently Released Volumes.
- Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) - Highlights include a collection of online Books and the Bibliografía Mesoamericana.
- Founders' Constitution - Anthology of writings on American constitutional history edited by Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner. A joint venture of the University of Chicago Press and the Liberty Fund, the book was published in 1986. (It is not clear from the explanatory matter just how much of the print version appears online.) "The documents included range from the early seventeenth century to the 1830s, from the reflections of philosophers to popular pamphlets, from public debates in ratifying conventions to the private correspondence of the leading political actors of the day." The site is searchable, contains a Table of Contents and an Index which includes Short Titles Used, Authors and Documents, Cases and Constitutional Provision.
- France in America / La France en Amérique - "Conceived in partnership with France’s national library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, France in America /France en Amerique is a bilingual digital library made available by the Library of Congress. It explores the history of the French presence in North America from the first decades of the 16th century to the end of the 19th century.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum - Has over 10,000 digitized documents including a new collection of copyright free On-Line Photos which you can browse or search by keyword or date. The collection is organized into three sections: the Roosevelt Family, the Great Depression and the New Deal and World War II. Examples of family photographs include Franklin D. Roosevelt with Harvard class of 1904, group shot in Nantasket Beach, Massachusetts, Franklin D. Roosevelt with Cousin Jean Delano in Campobello, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt with Anna and baby James.
- Franklin & His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth-Century America - National Portrait Gallery exhibition "examines the eighteenth-century fascination with science and the "man of science" as an ideal figure through portraits, botanical drawings, rare books, microscopes, telescopes, and electrical machines."
- Franklin County Publication Archive Index - Indexes over 7000 articles from Massachusetts newspapers from 1870 through 1873.
- From Revolution to Reconstruction: A Hypertext on American History from the colonial period until Modern Times - Juxtaposes an outline of American history with the texts of the original documents. (George M. Welling & Garry Wiersema, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.)
- GALILEO - University System of Georgia site has a Digital Library with a collection of Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842 which "contains over 1,000 documents and images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States from the collections of the University of Georgia Libraries, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville Library, the Frank H. McClung Museum, and the Tennessee State Library and Archives. The documents are comprised of letters, legal proceedings, military orders, financial papers, and archaeological images relating to Native Americans in the Southeast." Other digital projects include Georgia Historic Newspapers (1750-1925), full-text and searchable, and Georgia Legislative Documents.
- Gallica - Vast resource from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Some of the resources include the photographs of Eugène Atget, images of bridges, ethnographic illustrations from 19th century books and texts in the fields of History, Political Science, Law and Economics, Literature, Philosophy, Science and History of Science. Gallica Classique is a collection of full-texts from the 12th-20th centuries. One of the most outstanding collections, much of it available in full-text online, is the Archives de la Révolution française (French Revolution research collection). To access texts, click on Recherche (Search) and conduct an author (auteur) search for any of the following: Carnot, Corday, Marat, Mirabeau, or Nodier. To return to the search page or modify you search click on Modifier la recherche. Clicking on Consulter la notice will retrieve the catalog record. To ensure that you only retrieve records from the French Revolution research collection, insert Archives de la
Révolution française in the Recherche libre field. Possible subjects (sujets) to search for include Tiers état, Jacobins, Privilèges (droit), or Bourbon (famille de). (A bibliography of the collection Catalogue de l'histoire de la révolution française, edited by Andre Martin and Gerard Walter, was published in Paris in 1936.) Another useful resource is Transactions of the Royal Historical Society (in Gallica 2) - 1872 (vol. 1)-1937 (vol. 20)
- George and Martha Washington: Portraits from the Presidential Years - "Twenty-five portraits made from life during Washington's years in office. Among the portraits are paintings by Gilbert Stuart, Charles Willson Peale, Rembrandt Peale, and John Trumbull." (National Portrait Gallery.)
- George Percival Scriven: An American in Bohol, The Philippines,1899-1901 - Transcription of journal (with photographs) kept by George Percival Scriven, an American Army Signal Corps Officer in the Philippines at the turn of the century. Project of the Digital Scriptorium, Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University
- George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War - Shepherd College, Shepherdstown, West Virginia
- George Washington Papers - Another valuable resource from the American Memory project at the Library of Congress, the collection consists of correspondence, letterbooks, commonplace books, diaries, journals, financial account books, military records, reports, and notes accumulated by Washington from 1741 through 1799." Searchable or browsable and organized by series, including exercise books and diaries. Of special note is "Journey over the Mountain," Washington's account of his 1748 surveying trip to the Shenandoah Valley. Transcripts of the diaries will be available in June, 2000.
- Georgia Workshop in Early American History and Culture - Past papers (pdf format) include:
- The Mysterious 1688 Journey of M. Lahontan by Peter H. Wood, April 2007.
- An Uneasy Connection by Karen Sivertsen, March 2008. Babel On The Hudson: Community Formation in Dutch Manhattan.
- German History in Documents and Images / Deutsche Geschichte in Dokumenten und Bildern (DGDB) - "Comprehensive collection of primary source materials documenting Germany's political, social, and cultural history from 1500 to the present. It comprises original German texts, all of which are accompanied by new English translations, and a wide range of visual imagery." Project of the German Historical Institute (Deutsches Historisches Institut) in Washington, D.C.
- German Propaganda Archive - Collection of English translations of propaganda material from Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic. Maintained by Randall Bytwerk (see also his Eastern German Studies Group page.)
- Gerrit Smith Virtual Museum - 19th century philanthropist, social reformer and leader of anti-slavery activities whose papers are preserved in the Syracuse Department of Special Collections. There is also Gerrit Smith Broadside and Pamplet Collection (1793-1875), with an index.
- Gettysburg Address - Library of Congress site provides the address in twenty nine languages.
- Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Abolition - Yale University Center has a Document Archive which "currently numbers some 200 individual items, including speeches, letters, cartoons and graphics, interviews, and articles. The documents are organized by author, date, subject, and document type." There is also a section of Bibliographies including Book Reviews Concerning Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition which have appeared in H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - "On deposit at the New-York Historical Society, contains more than 60,000 documents detailing the political and social history of the United States. The collection's holdings include manuscript letters, diaries, maps, photographs, printed books and pamphlets ranging from 1493 through modern times." The collection is searchable and contains some full-text transcripts. See, for example, GLC02970 (search by GLC number) which is the transcript of a letter from Abram Bogart describing the siege and fall of Fort Wagner in September 1863. To locate full-text check the box for "search only featured entries (containing transcripts and annotations)". Other documents with transcripts include Address of John Brown to the Virginia Court (GLC5508.051) and John Adams' courtroom argument on the Amistad Affair (GLC3809). There are also images in the collection (search print as a type) for example, a Platinum print of beardless Lincoln (GLC04200).
- Google Book Search - Use to locate many thousands of full-text history books in the public domain. Some examples:
- Governor William Bradford's Letter Book - By William Bradford, Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1906.
- Three Episodes of Massachusetts History: The Settlement of Boston Bay - By Charles Francis Adams, Houghton Mifflin, 1892 (2 volumes).
- Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrums - Digital Library at the Lower Saxony State and University Library, Göttingen, consists of over 5000 volumes, including a good collection of early travel books. You can
browse. Among the digitized collections are: Travel books & Early North Americana,
Gutenberg Digital, Göttingische Gelehrte Anzeigen (scientific review journal in the 18th and 19th century),
Electronic Research Archive for Mathematics, Goethe Illustrations and the
DIEPER Project. The Travel books and early North-Americana collection is a rich source for full-text travel and exploration booksA title
search for Onondaga, for example, retrieves the following titles:
Journals of the military expedition of Major General John Sullivan against the six nations of Indians in 1779 (1887) by Frederick Cook,
Travels in North America in the years 1827 and 1828 (1829) by Basil Hall,
The history of the five Indian nations of Canada (1747) by Cadwallader Colden and
Travels in New-England and New-York (1821) by Timothy Dwight. Titles relating to the American West include
Travels to the source of the Missouri River and across the American continent to the Pacific Ocean (1814) by William Clark and Meriwether Lewis,
Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah (1852) by Howard Stansbury,
Exploratory travels through the western territories of North America (1811) by Zebulon Montgomery Pike,
Life in the Far West by George Frederick Ruxton,
Narrative of the exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the years 1843-44 (1846) by John Charles Frémont,
Notes of a military reconnoissance, from Fort Leavenworth in Missouri, to San Diego, in California, including of the Arkansas, del Norte, and Gila Rivers (1848) by W. H. Emory,
Report of explorations in 1873 of the Colorado of the West and its tributaries (1874) by John Wesley Powell,
South by West (1874) by Charles Kingsley,
The city of the saints and across the Rocky Mountains to California (1861) by Richard Francis Burton,
The heart of the Continent (1870) by Fitz Hugh Ludlow,
Seven years' residence in the great deserts of North America (1860) by Emmanuel Henri Dieudonné Domenech (with
Volume 2) and
The New Rocky Mountain tourist (1878) by Joseph Gladding Pangborn. Of particular interst interest is
Voyage fait dans les années 1816 et 1817 de New-Yorck a la Nouvelle-Orléans et de l´Orénoque au Mississipi, par les Petites et les Grandes-Antilles by the Baron de Montlezun. (With
Volume 1 and
According to Frank Managhan, author of French Travellers in the United States (Antiquarian Press, 1961), "this is one of the rarest and most valuable of the accounts of nineteenth-century French travellers in America. The first entry is dated August 17, 1816, at Norfolk; volume one is entirely devoted to his American experiences; there is considerable material in volume two on Charleston and South Carolina. Montlezun visited Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe; he travelled through and describes the following places: Norfolk, Baltimore, Washington, Fredericksburg, Montpelier, Monticello, Philadelphia, Trenton, New York, New Orleans and Charleston. Montlezun was a Parisian and an ultra-royalist, and the Americans and their manners are bitterly satirized; he viewed with animosity the absence of Parisian comforts and luxuries in the United States and he could not tolerate the blunt and ready speech which he found everywhere. His book was attacked in France as an unwarranted misrepresentation of the Americans and French refugees. For a contemporary review see The Monthly Review, London, 1819, v. 88, p. 504-509." There are many accounts of voyage and travel throughout the world, including
A Journey to the western islands of Scotland (1775) by Samuel Johnson,
The history of Kamtschatka and the Kurilski Islands with the countries adjacent (1764) by Stepan Petrovic Kraseninnikov and
A residence in Tasmania (1856) by H. Butler Stoney, although the majority of them are in German.
- Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century - PBS
- A Guide to Diaries in the Archives of American Art - "Summarizes close to 1,300 volumes totaling over 250,000 pages found throughout the collections in the Archives of American Art. Written by hundreds of artists, art historians, critics, collectors and others, they provide day-to-day firsthand accounts of appointments made and met, travel itineraries and work in progress, and are laced with personal ruminations and the all-important name dropping."
- Guide to Political Research On-Line - Richard Jensen, Professor Emeritus of History, U of Illinois-Chicago, has assembled a very useful collection of links, many of them to full-text and primary source documents. The Presidents section is a particularly valuable source for historical material. See also his Scholars' Guide to WWW.
- H-Net, Humanities & Social Sciences OnLine - "Interdisciplinary organization of scholars dedicated to developing the enormous educational potential of the Internet and the World Wide Web." H-Net Reviews in the Humanities and Social Sciences is searchable and browsable online scholarly review journal with archives back to 1998.
- HABSBURG List - Culture and history of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1500; Humanities OnLine initiative at Michigan State
- Hackenbruch Newspaper Collection - A. C. Hackenbruch Newspaper Collection at the University of Notre Dame "contains 2,247 newspaper issues whose front pages were of historical import." The database is searchable and covers the period 1685 to 1990.
- Handbook of Texas Online - "Multidisciplinary encyclopedia of Texas history, geography, and culture. It comprises more than 23,000 articles on people, places, events, historical themes, institutions, and a host of other topic categories." A joint project of the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas State Historical Association.
- Hanover Historic Texts Project
- Harpers Ferry National Historic Park - Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. The John Brown Farm and Gravesite is in North Elba, New York, just outside of Lake Placid and there is also the Adair Cabin State Historic Site and John Brown Museum in Osawatomie, Kansas. In 1848 John Brown traveled to Peterboron, New York to meet Gerrit Smith. Smith had offered Adirondack land grants to poor black men. There is an article about the Gerrit Smith Estate in Peterboro, which has been designated a National Historic Landmar, in the Fall/Winter 2001 New York State Preservationist (Volume 5, No. 2). Books about John Brown include
John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights (2005) by David S. Reynolds, (reviewed by Adam Gopnik in the April 25th, 2005 New Yorker),
The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race (2002) by John Stauffer,
John Brown's Body: Slavery, Violence, & the Culture of War (2004) by Franny Nudelman,
and Cloudsplitter: A Novel (1999) by Russell Banks.
- HarpWeek - Provides access to the content and pages of Harper's Weekly, the leading 19th century illustrated newspaper. Free sections include Immigrant and Ethnic America, 19th Century Advertising History, The American West, Thomas Nast and Toward Racial Equality.
- Harvard Law School Forum - With RealAudio sound files of Past Programs dating back to 1954 featuring an impressive array of speakers ranging from Walter Reuther to Barry Goldwater. Recent Speakers have included Charlton Heston, Asa Hutchinson,Vince McMahon, Mario Cuomo, Ralph Nader, Jack Gargan, Helen Thomas, Stephen Reinhardt, Nadine Strossen, Barry Scheck, Peter Neufeld, Jim Dwyer, Bill Kovach, Richard Lewontin, Michael Seidman and Arun Gandhi.
- Harvard University Library Open Collections Program - "Provides access to digitized historical, manuscript, and image resources selected from Harvard's library and museum collections." In January 2006, the Women Working collection consisted of "7,500 pages of manuscripts 3,500 books and pamphlets 1,200 photographs." You can
browse by subject and genre,
search by keyword, author, title and subject and
search the full text. Currently consists of two collections:
Women Working, 1870-1930 and
However, they must be adding additional material to their collections because a search for Quebec retrieved Abner Stocking's
An interesting journal of Abner Stocking of Chatham, Connecticut: detailing the distressing events of the Expedition against Quebec, under the command of Col. Arnold in the year 1775. This is apparently part of the American Revolution Collection which - in December 2004 - included over 30 full-text titles including John Barker's
The British in Boston: Being the Diary of Lieutenant John Barker of the King's Own Regiment from November 15, 1774 to May 31, 1776, and Friederike Charlotte Luise Riedesel's
Letters and memoirs relating to the war of American independence, and the capture of the German troops at Saratoga. Madame Riedesel's account of her voyage to North America begins on page 58 (May 14, 1776). She is accompanied by her three young daughers (aged four, two and 10 weeks). Other titles include
The old Jersey captive, or, A narrative of the captivity of Thomas Andros (1833),
Major André's Journal,
Fanning's Narrative: the Memoirs of Nathaniel Fanning, an Officer of the American Navy, 1778-17 and
The Journal of a Voyage from Charlestown, S.C., to London by Louise Susanna Wells.
- Hawaii War Records Depository - Manuscripts, personal accounts, newspapers, photographs and ephemera documenting the impact of World War II upon Hawaii and its populace. (University of Hawaii Libraries Special Collections.)
- Hearts at Home: Southern Women in the Civil War - University of Virginia exhibition held August 2 to October 15, 1997.
- Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village
- Heritage Preservation - Washington, DC. Offers programs and publications with "advice and guidance on the proper care and maintenance of historic documents, books and archives, works of art, photographs, architecture, monuments, anthropological artifacts, historic objects and family heirlooms and natural science specimens." The Heritage Health Index "was published in December 2005 and concludes that immediate action is needed to prevent the loss of 190 million artifacts that are in need of conservation treatment."
- Historic Holyoke Massachusetts - Laurel O'Donnell
- Historic Mount Vernon
- Historic New Harmony - Utopian communitiy founded in 1814 in New Harmony, Indiana. Has site map.
- Historic Pittsburgh Full-Text Collection - Currently contains 85 books from the 19th and early 20th centuries. The full-text of the entire collection is searchable. Examples of titles in the collection include The history of an expedition against Fort Du Quesne, in 1755; under Major-General Edward Braddock, Child life in colonial western Pennsylvania, Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie and Steel: the diary of a furnace worker. The Maps Collection consists of real estate atlases and plat books which were published by the G. M. Hopkins Company of Philadelphia. Also provided is a helpful selection of links to Related Sites on the history of the Pittsburgh area.
- Historical Census Browser - Geospatial and Statistical Data Center, University of Virginia Library. See also Decennials - Census of Population and Housing, Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts, Statistical Abstracts, Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses from 1790 to 2000, Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990 and Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990 (actual counts) .
- Historical New York Times Project: Chapter 2: The Civil War Years 1860-1866 - Carnegie Mellon University and Seagate Technology have digitized the complete text of every issue of The New York Times from 1860-1866. The site is not searchable, but you can use Google to look up the date for an event. For example, the date for Battle of Antietam, September 17,1862, can be located on the Antietam National Battlefield page. You can then search for the September 18, 1862 issue of the New York Times and find a front page story on the battle. The Project also provides a chronological listing of major events, so you could also locate Antietam on the First Major Battles page. (Look for stories by the correspondents Samuel Wilkeson and Edward A. Paul, who accompanied the troops. Wilkeson was present at Gettysburg and wrote his story while he was standing next to the open grave of his oldest son, an artillery officer. His account of this event is available in pdf format at The Library of Congress. Of related interest is the book, A Bohemian Brigade: The Civil War Correspondents, Mostly Rough, Sometimes Ready by James A. Perry. You can also read the New York Times book review and the first chapter.)
- Historical Maps Online - "Images of maps charting the last 400 years of historical development in Illinois and the Northwest Territory." (Joint project of the University of Illinois and the University of Illinois Press.)
- History Matters: The U.S. Survey Course on the Web - "Designed for high school and college teachers and students, History Matters serves as a gateway to web resources and offers other useful materials for teaching U.S. history." Created by the American Social History Project / Center for Media and Learning (Graduate Center, CUNY)
and the Center for History and New Media (George Mason University).
- Historical Society of Pennsylvania
- Historical Text Archive - Don Mabry
- History and Politics Out Loud - Searchable archive of politically significant audio materials. (Jerry Goldman and Northwestern University.)
- History Channel
- History Computerization Project - Regional History Center of the University of Southern California and the Los Angeles City Historical Society.
- History Cooperative - Project of the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the University of Illinois Press and the National Academy Press. Also at the site are the Booker T. Washington Papers, a searchable web tool "designed to provide researchers with access to thousands of pages comprising the 14-volume printed work, originally published by the University of Illinois Press." Searchable full-text journals include:
- American Historical Review - from December, 1999
- Journal of American History - from June 1999
- Law and History Review - from Spring 1999
- William and Mary Quarterly - from January 2001
- History-Digitisation Discussion List - List concerned with the digitisation, of historical material, whether as an image or an OCR'd document. With Archives.
- History Guide - Created by Steven Kreis "for the high school and undergraduate student who is either taking classes in history, or who intends to major in history in college."
- History Guide NG - Göttingen State and University Library resource "lists more than 5,000 metadata records including records from the InformationsWeiser Geschichte (Bavarian State Library) and the Webdirectory of Clio-Online."
- History Matters - "Designed for high school and college teachers of U.S. History survey courses, this site serves as a gateway to Web resources and offers unique teaching materials, first-person primary documents and threaded discussions on teaching U.S. history." Many Pasts "contains primary documents in text, image, and audio about the experiences of "ordinary" Americans throughout U.S. history." WWW.History is an annotated guide to the most useful Web sites for teaching U.S. history and social studies.
- History of Biomedicine - Outstanding collection of links from the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm
- History Place
- History of the American West, 1860-1920 - Over 30,000 photographs from the Denver Public Library Photography Collection, now part of the National Digital Library Program at the Library of Congress. "Most of the photographs were taken between 1860 and 1920. They illustrate Colorado towns and landscape, document the place of mining in the history of Colorado and the West, and show the lives of Native Americans from more than forty tribes living west of the Mississippi River. Also included are World War II photographs of the 10th Mountain Division, ski troops based in Colorado who saw action in Italy." Keyword searchable and indexed by subject and by name. Try searching for the following: Indians of North America, Wounded Knee, Dakota, Sioux, Ute, Pueblo, David Barry, George Beam, C. G. Morledge, Horace Poley, Edward Boos, Sitting Bull or Red Cloud. A search for Wounded Knee Massacre, for example, retrieves 85 photographs, each carefully catalogued and annotated and with a url which can be bookmarked. Highlights from the collection include
Sitting Bull of the Custer Massacre (X-31384),Standing Holy, daughter of Sitting Bull, wearing jewelry (B-144), and Red Tomahawk, who killed Sitting Bull (X-31680). From the Western History Department/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library. See also the Colorado Digitalization Project which provides descriptions and links to other Digital Collections. A search for Ben Wittick (1845-1903) retrieves 68 images by the photographer of Zuni, Apache, Hopi and Navajo scenes, including the following examples from the 1880s: Approach to Pueblo Acoma, View in Pueblo Acoma, N.M., View in Apache camp, San Carlos River, Arizona, View in Pueblo Acoma, New Mexico, View in Pueblo Laguna, N.M., View in Pueblo Laguna, N.M., View in Pueblo Santo Domingo N. M., View in the aristocratic quarter of Oraibi Moqui, Woman of Zuni & water olla, Zuni maiden, daughter of Pa-lo-wa-ti-wa and Beginning of the Snake Dance, Hopi, Arizona.
- History of the Civil War, 1861–1865 (1917) - James Ford Rhodes was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in History in 1918 for this title.
- History of World Expositions (Die Geschichte der Weltausstellungen)
- HistoryNet - Has an excellent collection of History Day Links, organized by state.
- History Today - With an Index of on-line articles.
- How the Other Half Lives - Studies Among the Tenements of New York; by Jacob A. Riis, c1890.
- HyperHistory Online - "Over 1,400 files covering 3,000 years of world history."
- Hyperwar: A Hypertext History of the Second World War - Patrick Clancey.
- ibiblio - See the Geography, Biography, and History section.
- Illustrating Traveller: Adventure and Illustration in North America and the Caribbean, 1760-1895 - Exhibition at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.
- Images from Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts - 100 medieval manuscript images browsable by country, author, call number or date from the Columbia University Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
- Images of Battle: Selected Civil War Letters from the Southern Historical Collection - 12 letters were written by Confederate and Union soldiers from the Civil War battlefront from the Manuscripts Department of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Imperial War Museum - London
- Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States: From George Washington 1789 to George Bush 1989 - From the Bartleby Library.
- Index Antiquus - Rutgers University search engine locates web sites
- Institute of Historical Research - In History On-line can search over 30,000 records for books, articles, theses and historians. With links to Online Resources.
- International Balzan Prize Foundation - "Four annual awards are made: two in literature, moral sciences and the arts; and two in the physical, mathematical and natural sciences and medicine." There is a list of Balzan Prize Winners from 1961 to the present.
- Internet Library of Early Journals: A digital library of 18th and 19th Century journals - Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, provides browsable and searchable access to substantial runs of 18th and 19th century journals, (Annual Register, Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Gentleman's Magazine, Notes and Queries, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society and The Builder).
- Internet Modern History Sourcebook - Compiled by Paul Halsall, the site provides links to Full Texts in modern European history and modern Western Civilization. Halsall is also the editor of Ancient History Sourcebook, Medieval Sourcebook, Byzantium: Byzantine Studies Page and a number of others.
- Interpreting the Irish Famine, 1846-50 - Liz Szabo, a graduate student at the University of Virginia, provides essays, newspaper articles, diaries, glossary, photographs & drawings about the Irish famine. See also Views of the Famine with articles and illustrations from The Illustrated London News, The Cork Examiner, The Pictorial Times, and Punch about the Great Famine, as well as the 1847 pamphlet "Narrative of a Journey from Oxford to Skibbereen During the Year of the Irish Famine," compiled by Steve Taylor of Vassar College and The Irish Famine (BBC).
- Irish History Online - "Bibliography of Irish history, created by Writings on Irish History online in association with the Royal Historical Society."
- Inventory of books received by Thomas Jefferson from the estate of George Wythe, circa September 1806 - Massachusetts Historical Society. See also transcriptions
- James Madison: His Legacy - Devin Bent, Department of Political Science, James Madison University
- James Madison Papers - American Memory Project, Library of Congress.
- Jamestown Rediscovery - Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities
- Jesuit Plantation Project - American Studies project at Georgetown University "contains over 200 years of personal, legal, and financial documents produced by the six Jesuit-owned plantations in Maryland."
- Jim Janke's Old West Page - "Old West of this page is defined loosely as the legend and reality of 19th Century America west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and anything and anybody associated with it, past and present."
- John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American Relations - Joint project of the Library of Congress and the British Library
- John Adams Library - "Browse and search 3,500 books from John Adams's personal library, view his marginal notes, and learn more about this President and his passion for books." Among John Adams's 40 Most Heavily Annotated Books are:
- An historical and moral view of the origin and progress of the French Revolution (1794) by Mary Wollstonecraft.
- A discourse upon the origin and foundation of the inequality among mankind (1761) by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
- De la révolution Françoise  by Jacques Necker.
- John Carter Brown Library - "One of the outstanding libraries of the world in the field of the history of the Americas, North and South, prior to 1825, and of European history as it bears on the Americas." With access to online catalog.
- John F. Kennedy Executive Orders - Site provides full-text of the 214 Executive Orders issued during the administration of John F. Kennedy. (Maria E. Schieda, School of Information, University of Michigan.)
- Jones, John Paul (1747-1792) - Also known as Chevalier Paul Jones, Commodore Jones and Captain Jones. A subject seach of the catalog of the U.S. Naval Academy Library for Jones John Paul retrieves over 100 titles.
The Life and Character of John Paul Jones, a Captain in the United States Navy by John Henry Sherburne, 1851 is available in full-text via the Making of America Collection at the University of Michigan. While in Paris, Jones met Aglaé de Hunolstein, maid of honor to the Duchesse de Chartres and sister of Jacques Anne Joseph le Prestre, Comte de Vauban, aide-de-camp to Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeure (Vimeur), Comte de Rochambeau. (See Lady-in-Waiting: The Romance of Lafayette and Aglae de Hunolstein by Louis Gottschalk, Johns Hopkins U.P. 1939. Printed for the American Friends of Lafayette and the Institut Francais de Washington.) Many of the papers of JPJ are located in the Peter Force Collection of the Library of Congress. A Calendar of John Paul Jones Manuscripts in the Library of Congress, compiled under the direction of Charles Henry Lincoln, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1903, contains 883 entries and includes an index of names. On October 24, 1787 Jones wrote to Thomas Jefferson in Paris and enclosed a letter for Madame T. There is speculation that Madame T. is Aimée Adèle de Telison (b. 1758?) who may be the lady known as "Delia" and "Angelique". A letter from "Delia" to Jones is on pp. 320-322 in Sherburne. The Tory Lover, a novel by Sarah Orne Jewett, also known as The Yankee Ranger, is about Jones and there are Works related to The Tory Lover. James Fenimore Cooper's Lives of Distinguished American Naval Officers also discusses Jones. Robert Charles Sands edited two books that were based on Jones' letters and papers: Life and battles of John Paul Jones: the greatest naval hero of modern times, and Life and correspondence of John Paul Jones, including his narrative of the campaign of the Liman. From original letters and manuscripts in the possession of Miss Janette Taylor [Jane Taylor, JPJ's sister].
Other resources which rely on primary documents are John Paul Jones and the Ranger edited by Joseph G. Sawtelle and the Diary of Ezra Green, M.D., Surgeon on board the Continental Ship-of-War Ranger, edited by Commodore G. H. Preble, U.S.N. Boston, 1875. The Naval Historical Center has a biography of Captain John Paul Jones as well as a bibliography of United States Naval History, part of the Naval History Bibliographies includes a number of primary sources. Another source is Colonial Archives collection in the Library and Archives of Canada. A keyword search for Rochambeau, for example, retrieves 16 records (in French). A search for Paul Jones retrieves the following item from the Vatican Archives secrètes: "Gazette de Cologne. De Lorient, 28 sept. 1779: capture du corsaire américain Prince-Noir. ... De Londres, 28 sept. 1779: Grant et [M.] Prévost arrivés à Londres de l'Amérique le 23 [sept. 1779] racontent l'attaque de Charleston du 12 mai  et comment ils furent poursuivis par Lincoln jusqu'à l'île Saint-Jean. ... Le commodore Paul Jones continue à inquiéter les côtes d'Ecosse et d'Irlande. [DE: 264r-267v]." A search for Saratoga retrieves the following: "D'un bateau parti de Boston le 1er nov.  et arrivé à Nantes le 1er déc.  Franklin a appris la capture de Burgoyne avec toute son armée [Saratoga, 17 Oct. 1777]. Vendredi, Lord Stormont [Murray] a appris que [R.] Howe avait pris Philadelphie le 26 sept.  et que Washington s'était retiré à Lancaster. [DE: 318r-319r]." Jones left Portsmouth on the Ranger in November and arrived in Nantes in December, 1777. Another source is A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873 which contains the 34 volumes of the Journals of the Continental Congress and the 24 volumes of the Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789. A search for Commodore Jones retrieves a letter from the Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States, Volume 3, Franklin to the Navy Board, Passy, March 15, 1780, in which Franklin writes "I will only take the liberty of saying in favor of Captain Landais that, notwithstanding the mortal quarrel that rose between them at sea, it does not appear to me at all probable he fired into the Bon Homme Richard with design to kill Captain Jones. The inquiry, though imperfect, and the length of it, have, however, had one good effect in preventing hitherto a duel between the parties, that would have given much scandal, and which I believe will now not take place, as both expect justice from a court-martial in America." See the Letter to M. J. Luzac from John Paul Jones, written on board the Bon homme Richard's Prize the late British Ship of War
Serapis Texel November 11th: 1779 (U. S. Naval Academy - Nimitz Library).
- Journal for Multimedia History - Founded by Gerald Zahavi and Julian Zelizer, Department of History, University at Albany, State University of New York. Includes sound files and transcripts.
- Kansas Collection - "Voices of the past are heard again in the Kansas Collection, through nearly-lost books, letters, diaries, photographs, and other materials." Created by Lynn Nelson, Professor of History at the University of Kansas, and managed by Dick Taylor and Susan Stafford.
- Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws & Treaties - "Historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S.treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes. The volumes cover U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 (Volume II) and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970 (Volumes I, III-VII). The work was first published in 1903-04 by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Enhanced by the editors' use of margin notations and a comprehensive index, the information contained in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties is in high demand by Native peoples, researchers, journalists, attorneys, legislators, teachers and others of both Native and non-Native origins." A project of the Oklahoma State University Library.
- Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies - Sponsored by Georgetown University.
- Lancaster in 1850: Documentary Collection of Images and Primary Sources - Compiled by David Schuyler and his students, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
- Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth - T.F. Mills has assembled Internet resources pertaining to land forces that were at any time part of the British Empire or Commonwealth.
- Land of Golden Dreams: California in the Gold Rush Decade, 1848-1958 - Online exhibition of the Huntington Library's collection of Gold Rush manuscripts, drawings, and rare printed materials.
- Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789 - "Twenty-five volumes of text include approximately twenty thousand entries gathered from institutions throughout the world, accompanied by a single cumulative index." Part of the larger A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873. See also Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, thirty-four volumes published, by the Library of Congress, 1904-1937 and Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States.
- Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics - Jon Roland, Constitution Society
- Library and Archival Exhibitions on the Web - Project of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, "this site features links to online exhibitions that have been created by libraries, archives, and historical societies, as well as to museum online exhibitions with a significant focus on library and archival materials."
- Library of Congress Online Catalog - There's also the Z39.50 Gateway and the Experimental Search System (ESS) (no longer being maintained).
- Library of Congress Map Collections: 1544-1996 - Geography and Map Division. You can search by keyword or browse by subject, creator, geographic location or title.The site is divided into seven major categories:
- General Maps & Atlases
- Cities & Towns
- Conservation & Environment
- Discovery & Exploration
- Cultural Landscapes
- Military Battles & Campaigns
- Transportation and Communication
- Library of Congress Department of Prints & Photographs Online Catalog - Search records in the 30 collections of the Prints and Photographs Division. With Subject Index and All Text Search. This could be a rich resource for local history. A creator search, for example, for Collier, John will locate thousands of regional photographs. The option to Display Images with Neighboring Call Numbers is useful to locate photographs from the same geographic area. There is also a Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (in two parts).
- Library of Congress Webcasts - See also Library of Congress Podcasts
- Benjamin Franklin: A Documentary History - J.A. Lemay, 9 March 2006 [63 minutes].
- Library of Iberian Resources Online (LIBRO) - "Joint project of the American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain and the University of Central Arkansas...the book list is principally drawn from recent, but out-of-print university press monographs. These are presented in full-text format and reproduce all the matter included in the original print version. Initially, the collection focuses upon the Hispanic Middle Ages, ca. 500 to 1500, but will eventually expand to include titles from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries as well." With Author and Title catalogs.
- Library of Virginia - A rich resource with a number of searchable databases including the Newspapers in Virginia Database and Virginia Colonial Records Project.
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives - King's College, London. DOMIC - Documentaries on Modern International Conflict Projects include "collections covered relate to the Vietnam, Falklands and Gulf Wars, the Cold War, the Arab-Israeli Wars, conflict in the former Yugoslavia, chemical and biological testing and the development of nuclear technology and its impact on international relations and defence policies." See the List of Collections for extensive contents description.
- Lincoln Legal Papers: A Documentary History of the Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln, 1836-1861 - Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Springfield, Illinois
- Literature & Culture of the American 1950s - Resource list maintained by Al Filreis, Professor of English, University of Pennsylvania.
- Louisbourg Institute - Institut de Louisbourg - Official Research Site for the Fortress of Louisbourg. Among the Unpublished Reports and Inventories are Maps and Plans of Louisbourg.
- Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
- McGill University Napoleon Collection
- Magna Carta - British Library. With translation. See also Sotheby's New York Catalogue, Sale 8461, December 18, 2007; Keeping It Real, by James Gleick, New York Times, January 6, 2008; and Magna Carta fetches $21.3 million at Sotheby's auction by Christopher Michaud, Reuters, December 19, 2007.
- Making of America - This digital library of nineteenth century books and journal volumes is "particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology" and is a good place to look for primary sources. This digitization project was undertaken at both the University of Michigan and Cornell University with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Search both collections; the Michigan collection consists of imprints between 1850 and 1877 and "currently contains approximately 9,500 books and 50,000 journal articles with 19th century imprints" and the Cornell collection, which covers the period of 1840 - 1900 "provides access to 267 monograph volumes and over 100,000 journal articles." You can browse periodical titles at Cornell and Michigan. The Nineteenth Century in Print the Making of America in Periodicals, "presents twenty-three popular periodicals digitized by Cornell University Library" and is part of the American Memory Collection at the Library of Congress.Some of the titles in the collection include the complete (scanned) texts of
The frontier in American history (1920) by Frederick Jackson Turner;
My life on the plains. Or, Personal experiences with Indians by George Armstrong Custer,
An overland journey, from New York to San Francisco in the summer of 1859 by Horace Greeley,
France and England in North America. A series of historical narratives by Francis Parkman consisting of
Part Second (1867),
Part Third (1870),
Part Fourth (1874),
Part Fifth (1877),
Part Sixth (1892),
Part Seventh (1884),
The Adirondack; or, Life in the woods by Joel Tyler Headley.
A gift from University of Michigan alumnus Lawrence Portnoy has funded the digitization of over 300 volumes relating to New York City history with a fascinating array of titles including
Who's Who of the Chinese in New York (1873),
Lillian Wald's The House on Henry Street (1915),
the Preliminary Report of the Factory Investigating Commission (1912), [as well as the Second (1913) and Fourth (1915) reports],
Recollections of a New York Chief of Police (1890) by George W. Walling,
Trees and Shrubs of Central Park (c1903) and
Wages and Regularity of Employment in the Dress and Waist Industry of New York City (1915).
- Map History - History of Cartography - WWW-Virtual Library - Maintained by Tony Campbell, a former Map Librarian at the British Library in London, the site "is designed for anyone, whether specialist or surfer, who wants to learn more about non-current maps." There is a Site Index, a collection of links to Map Projects and a section on Thefts of early maps and books.
- Mariners' Museum - Newport News, Virginia. Provides access to their Online Catalog. Has a useful Age of Exploration Curriculum Guide, with Menu and Timeline. An excellent resource for information about explorers and voyages of discovery.
- Maritime History Virtual Archives - Comprehensive site maintained by Lars Bruzelius of Uppsala, Sweden.
- The Martyred President: Sermons Given on the Occasion of the Assassination Abraham Lincoln - Browseable and searchable database of 57 sermons. (Beck Center for Electronic Collections, Emory University.)
- Mary Rose - 16th century warship on display in Portsmouth, UK
- Massachusetts Historical Society - Provides online exhibitions (currently The Decisive Day is Come: The Battle of Bunker Hill) and access to Abbigal, the library's online catalog.
- Mayflower Web Page - Caleb Johnson's site, which he describes as "the complete Internet site for Mayflower history and genealogy," provides complete texts of Pilgrim documents, passenger lists and historical background.
- Meeting of Frontiers - Library of Congress site is a "bilingual, multimedia English-Russian digital library that tells the story of the American exploration and settlement of the West, the parallel exploration and settlement of Siberia and the Russian Far East, and the meeting of the Russian-American frontier in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest." Has over 2,500 items, comprising some 70,000 images, from the Library's rare book, manuscript, map, prints and photograph, film and sound recording collections that tell the stories of the explorers, fur traders, missionaries, exiles, gold miners and adventurers that peopled both frontiers and their interactions with the native peoples of Siberia and the American West."
- Michigan County Histories - "The Michigan County Histories collection is a collaborative effort of Michigan's Council of Library
Directors. The collection is projected to provide access to 192 histories dating from 1866 to 1926. There are 202 volumes in 170 titles currently online." This is a rich resource for research in genealogy and history.
- Miller Center of Public Affairs Presidential Oral History Program - University of Virginia. Herbert Hoover, Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. The Lyndon Johnson collection, for examples, consists of 787 items, among which is a 26 page transcript of an interview with Senator Clifford P. Case (R. New Jersey) conducted on March 1, 1979 by Michael L. Gillette at the Cosmos Club in Washington, D.C. WhiteHouseTapes.org, also offered by the Miller Center, is described as the "The secret White House tapes and recordings of Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Roosevelt, Truman, and Eisenhower.
- Military Oral History Project - Interviews, many with Virginia Military Institute graduates. In March 2004 Douglas MacDonald, a student at VMI, interviewed Lt. Gen. Lawrence E. Boese about his three tours of duty in Vietnam as an Air Force Captain from 1968 to 1972. On October 21-22, 2004, Prof. Malcolm Muir, Jr., interviewed Vice Admiral Jerome H. King, Jr., a Yale University graduate who began his service in the Pacific Theater during World War II and who retired in 1974 after serving on the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington, D.C. (Virginia Military Institute Archives)
- Model Editions Partnership: Historical Editions in the Digital Age - Purpose is "to explore ways of creating editions of historical documents which meet the standards scholars traditionally use in preparing printed editions." Includes First Federal Congress, Ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Papers of Henry Laurens, Papers of Margaret Sanger, Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Abraham Lincoln Legal Papers and Papers of Nathanael Greene.
- Monticello, Home of Thomas Jefferson - See also
- Thomas Jefferson's Libraries , a "database of the books Jefferson owned, desired to own, knew about or recommended to others at different times in his life."
- Mr. Lincoln's Virtual Library - Manuscript Division and Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. With links to other Lincoln-related Internet Resources from the Library of Congress.
- Museum of the City of New York
- The Music of the American Civil War (1861-1865) - MIDI files sequenced by Benjamin Robert Tubb. See also American Civil War Music and Music of the War Between the States.
- Mystic Seaport - Mystic, Connecticut. Library has online catalog
- Naissance de la Culture Française - Bibliothèque Nationale de France
- Napoleon Foundation - Association's goal is the "furtherance of study and research into the civil and military achievements of the First and Second Empires." Highlights include caricatures of Napoleon, Great Maneuvers: A Photographic Visit to the Chalons Camp Under the Second Empire, and a Genealogy page.
Napoleon Museum - Arenenberg Castle, Lake Constance, Salenstein, Switzerland.
- Napoleon Series - Articles, book reviews, prints, useful FAQs for students and a library of primary documents.
- National Archeological Database: Reports - "Expanded bibliographic inventory of approximately 240,000 reports on archeological investigation and planning, mostly of limited circulation. This "gray literature" represents a large portion of the primary information available on archeological sites in the U.S. NADB-Reports can be searched by state, county, worktype, cultural affiliation, keyword, material, year of publication, title, and author." Hosted by the Center For Advanced Spatial Technologies under a cooperative agreement with the National Park Service.
- National Archives - There are several resources for locating national archives throughout the world (UNESCO Archives Portal, European Archival Network, Historical Archives of the European Communities, Africa Research Central, H-Net: Latin American Archives). Some of the principal archives include Public Record Office (Great Britain), Bundesarchiv (Germany), Österreichische Staatsarchiv (Austria) and Archives Nationales (France).
- National Archives and Records Administration - Highlights include Charters of Freedom with full-texts of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, Photographs of the American West: 1861-1912 and links to Presidential Libraries. Searching can be a bit complex. See, for example, instructions on how to Search for War Department Revolutionary War records.
- National Archives of Canada - Ottawa. Among the extensive digital collections are Pride and Dignity: Aboriginal Portraits (c.1846 - c.1960) (which includes a portrait of Peter Newhouse, Onondaga and Chiefs from the Six Nations Reserve at Brantford, Ontario, reading Wampum belts), Indian Treaties (with scanned images of 13 treaties ranging from 1795 to 1808), Canada and the First World War, Canadian West, Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada and Paul-Émile Miot: Photographs of Newfoundland and Cape Breton Island. In ArchiviaNet you can limit your search to Descriptions with a digitized image. For example, a search for Indian$ in the Photographs Database, limiting to Descriptions with a digitized image, retrieved over 300 images. The same search, in the Documentary Art Database retreived over 100 images including Major John Norton, Teyoninhokarawen, the Mohawk Chief (1805), A View of the Rapids and Falls of Niagara from the Heights of Chippewa, with an encampment of Senekas (1804), Indian Wigwam in Lower Canada (1848), Moose hunter Quebec (1840), Shoshonie Woman: Throwing the Lasso (1867), Mary Bernard Whykokamagh (1840-46), and Indian Lodge United States (1867). Among ArchiviaNet's Research Tools are the Colonial Archives Database (with 35,000 digital images), Government of Canada Files (with over 16,000 digital images), Photographs (with 10,000 digitized images), Documentary Art (with 5,000 digitized images in the public domain), Immigration Records (1925-1935), Diaries of William Lyon Mackenzie King and Home Children (1869-1930).
- National Center for History in the Schools
- National Center for Preservation Technology and Training
- National Maritime Museum - "Has the largest collection of maritime-related artefacts in the world." The Search Station is a good place to start. Matthew Flinders: letters and papers. Matthew Flinders was the first known European to circumnavigate Australia. The collection "contains transcripts of over 150 documents about Flinders's life and work."
- National Park Service - Links to the Past - The site is searchable and there is a site map. Highlights include sections on African-American historic sites, Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), Publicly Accessible Lighthouses and National Historic Landmarks, searchable by state.
- National Park Service - Park Histories
- National Portrait Gallery - Washington, D.C. The Catalog of American Portraits (CAP) is "a national portrait archives maintaining images and data for more than 100,000 portraits in public and private collections." The Portrait Search Database "database contains more than 80,000 portrait records." See also their Exhibitions.
- National Portrait Gallery - London. Has a Picture Library Search with information on approximately 10,000 works in which you can search for artist, sitter of by title or by NPG number. (In Advanced Search you can restrict your search to images available on web site.) There is an alphabetical list of artists, as well as an alphabetical list of sitters.
- National Register of Archives - Indexes to the creators of manuscript sources for British history, the NRA "consists of more than 43,000 unpublished lists and catalogues of major manuscript collections, and approximately 150,000 further lists of miscellaneous and minor collections." The lists, which "describe the holdings of local record offices, national and university libraries, specialist repositories, museums and other bodies," are searchable by Personal, Corporate or Place names.
- National Register of Historic Places - "Nation's official list of cultural resources worthy of preservation...properties listed on the Register include districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture." Site provides travel itineraries.
- National Trust for Historic Preservation
- National Trust Official On-Oine Site - Index of protected houses, gardens, coast and countryside in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections - Cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress. Has links to Archival and Manuscript Repositories in the United States.
- National Women's Hall of Fame - Seneca Falls, New York. Highlights include biographies of over 150 outstanding women in Women of the Hall, information on the 2000 Inductees, and
- National Women's History Project
- Naval Historical Center - U.S. Navy. Highlights include List of Historical Manuscripts in the Navy Department Library, a Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, links to Sources on U.S. Naval History in the United States, Commander William S. Edwards Collection of Material Relating to US Navy Uniforms, Online Publications and Documents, and an English translation of a German diary (most like that of Oberfunkmaat - Signalman First Class - Gottfried Fischer) from the German submarine U-505 captured by the U.S. Navy on June 4, 1944. The FAQ page is also a valuable resource as is United States Naval History: A Bibliography.
- NetSERF - Beau A.C. Harbin's collection of annotated links to Medieval Internet resources.
- New Deal Network - "Database of photographs, political cartoons, and texts (speeches, letters, and other historic documents from the New Deal period)."
- New Georgia Encyclopedia - "Project of the Georgia Humanities Council in partnership with the Office of the Governor, the University of Georgia Press, and the University System of Georgia/GALILEO."
- New Hampshire State Papers - "An invaluable source of New Hampshire history" these papers were compiled by Frank C. Meyers in February, 2004. There are forty volumes, published between 1867 and 1943 and edited by Nathaniel Bouton, Isaac W. Hammond, Albert Stillman Batchellor, Henry Harrison Metcalf and Otis Grand Hammond. With Index. (New Hampshire Division of Archives and Records Management.)
- New Harmony Scientists, Educators, Writers & Artists - Biographical studies associated with New Harmony, Indiana by Clark Kimberling.
- New Perspectives on the West - PBS online companion to the television series by Ken Burns and Stephen Ives. The site is searchable and has an excellent collection of eight pages of photographs and documents.
- New York Council for the Humanities - Provides an Online Calendar, current and past issues of Culturefront Online and Speakers in the Humanities 2000 - 2002 (in pdf format), a roster of 122 distinguished authorities on a wide range of humanities topics.
- New-York Historical Society
- New York State Historical Literature - Cornell University Library
- New York State Newspaper Project - "Identifying, describing, preserving, and making available to researchers the significant newspapers in all communities in New York State since the first publication in 1725." Other Newspaper projects exist in many states.
See also the United States Newspaper Program.
- New York's Revolutionary War Sites: Just Squint, and It's 1777 - By David Carr, New York Times, December 23, 2005. Discusses Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn. With video.
- Newspapers in Virginia Database - Searchable by title, name/place, subject and keyword, this datablase consists of catalog records for almost 6,000 individual newspaper titles published throughout the country, not just in Virginia. For example, a subject search for Afro-Americans locates 10 pages of results for African American newspapers. (There are 25 records for New York.) Another useful resource is Selected Indexing of Virginia Newspapers Available at the Library of Virginia.
- Nineteenth Century Documents Project - "Important and representative primary texts from nineteenth century American history, with special emphasis on those sources that shed light on sectional conflict and transformations in regional identity." Created by T. Lloyd Benson, Walter Kenneth Mattison Professor of History, Furman University.
- Nineteenth Century in Print: The Making of America in Books and Periodicals - "Twenty-three popular periodicals digitized by Cornell University Library and the Preservation Reformatting Division of the Library of Congress. They include literary and political magazines, as well as Scientific American, Manufacturer and Builder, and Garden and Forest: A Journal of Horticulture, Landscape Art, and Forestry. The longest run is for The North American Review, 1815-1900." Other titles include Atlantic Monthly and Harper's New Monthly Magazine, the United States Democratic Review, and the American Missionary.
- North American Conference on British Studies - They offer Scholarship awards to "the best books and articles in the field of British studies published during the preceding year" which include the John Ben Snow Prize, the NACBS Book Prize and the Walter D. Love Prize. Lists of winners are available from 1997 to the present:
- Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920: Photographs from the Fred Hultstrand F.A. Pazandak Photograph Collections - "These two collections contain 900 photographs of rural and small town life at the turn of the century. Highlights include images of sod homes and the people who built them; images of farms and the machinery that made them prosper; and images of one-room schools and the children that were educated in them. The original collections are housed at the Institute for Regional Studies, located at North Dakota State University, Fargo, N.D." (American Memory, Library of Congress).
- New France, New Horizons: On French Soil in America - With a database of "descriptions and reproductions of documents related to New France (correspondence, reports, maps and plans, and drawings) included in fonds and series conserved at the Centre des archives d’outre-mer (Aix-en-Provence), the Centre historique des Archives nationales (Paris), and Library and Archives Canada (Ottawa)." For more information on the project see France and Canada Launch Impressive Research Tool on the History of the French Presence in America and
Canada-France 2004 Initiative.
- Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture (OIEAHC) - Williamsburg, Virginia. See list of their Award Winning Books.
- Old Sturbridge Village - Sturbridge, Massachusetts
- On the Lower East Side: Observations of Life in Lower Manhattan at the Turn of the Century - William L. Crozier, Lower Manhattan Project, c1993, Department of History, St. Mary's University of Minnesota
- Oneida Community Collection - "Inventories and bibliographies relating to Oneida Community materials held at Syracuse and elsewhere, the full text of several books written by, and about, members of the Community, and 140 selected photographs..." (Department of Special Collections, Syracuse University Library.)
- Online Medieval and Classical Library - Douglas B. Killings has assembled "a collection of some of the most important literary works of Classical and Medieval civilization" (Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE)
- Online Nevada Encyclopedia - "Multimedia resource produced by Nevada Humanities that incorporates articles, images, and interactive media to explore the landscape, people, and events that have shaped the Silver State’s politics, economy, and culture."
- Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) - "Cooperative effort on the part of scholars across the Internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies on the World-Wide Web."
- Oral Histories Online - University of California, Berkeley project currently consists of the Earl Warren Oral History Project, the Suffragists Oral History Project, the Disabled Persons Independence Movement and Health Care, Science, and Technology.
- Organization of American Historians
- Oyez Project: U.S. Supreme Court Multimedia Database - Digital recordings (in RealAudio) of major constitutional cases searchable by date, party or subject; Jerry Goldman, Northwestern University.
- Pamphlets and Periodicals of the French Revolution of 1848 - Over 100 pamphlets and periodicals from 1848 to 1851, browsable and searchable by title. ( ARTFL Project, University of Chicago.)
- Papers of Abraham Lincoln - See New Document Discoveries which includes a letter from Lincoln to William H. Seward, December 6, 1861, owned by the University at Buffalo, discussing a leave of absence for William Jaynes, Governor of Dakota.
- Papers of George Washington - University of Virginia
- Papers of Jefferson Davis - Documentary editing project, Rice University, Houston, Texas
- Patrin - Romani (Gypsy) Culture and History
- PBS: History - Collection of links to programs with history-related content.
- Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission - Provides information on Historic Sites and Museums
- Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies - Official journal of the Pennsylvania Historical Association (PHA). Provides all back issues of the journal--beginning with Vol. 1 (1934) and continuing up through Vol. 67 (2000). The site is searchable. (Some years are not yet available)
- Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection - With access to Historical Maps. (University of Texas at Austin)
- Photos of the Great War: World War I Image Archive - 1844 images. Ray Mentzer administrates this site.
- Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910 - Library of Congress site "portrays the states of Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century through first-person accounts, biographies, promotional literature, local histories, ethnographic and antiquarian texts, colonial archival documents, and other works." (American Memory).
- Planning Digital Projects for Historical Collections - New York Public Library
- Political Graveyard - Lawrence Kestenbaum's database of historic cemeteries.
- Port Chicago Disaster: A Resource for Teachers and Students - 1944 explosion killed 320 men, including 202 African American enlisted men. Doug Prouty, Educational Technology Specialist, Contra Costa County Office of Education.
Prairie Settlement: Nebraska Photographs and Family Letters, 1862-1912 - Nebraska State Historical Society collection of photographs and letters. (Library of Congress American Memory Project.)
- Preserve/Net - Historic Preservation Source
- Presidential Elections Maps: 1860-1996 - Maps showing state-by-state winners, along with percentage of vote received, for each election; University of Virginia
- Presidential Portraits at the Library of Congress - Library of Congress site provides 156 portraits of presidents and first ladies; you can search by keyword or browse the name and subject index
- Presidents of the United States (POTUS) - Internet Public Library.
Similar resources include Michael Cowan's US Presidents Lists, Brian Tompsett's Genealogy of the US Presidents, Grolier's American Presidency and the White House's Presidents of the United States.
- La Presse Quotidienne - 19th and 20th century newspaper digitization project of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. See Le dossier de presse: Deux siecles de journaux en ligne. For example, front page headlines in La Croix include
"L'Allemagne ayant attaque la Pologne, la mobilisation generale est decretee en France" (September 2, 1939) and
"La Belgique, La Hollande, Le Luxembourg ont subi l'agression de l'Allemagne (May 11, 1940). Newspapers digitized so far include:
- La Croix (1880-1968)
- Figaro: journal non politique - With supplement litteraire
- Le Gaulois (1868-1929)
- L'Humanite (1904-1939)
- Le Journal des debats
- Journal de l'Empire
- Ouest-Eclair - editions de Rennes, Caen et Nantes
- Le Petit Parisien - "et son supplement hebdomadaire"
- La Presse - Paris. See dates available
- Le Temps
- Primary Source Microfilm Search - Thomson Gale resource is helpful in locating obscure names and places and unusual spelling. You won't actually be able to view the primary sources. There is a useful alphabetical index. To view the entire alphabet change the url accordingly - 203000b.htm, 203000c.htm etc. Index for D has extensive notes on Thomas Dean, a Quaker missionary who represented the Brotherton Indians. You can download author index and reel listing from the author index and reel listing from Iroquois Indians: A Documentary History.
- Princeton University Web Media - Recent Archived video lectures include:
- James McPherson on "Abraham Lincoln's Invention of Presidential War Powers", November 20, 2006.
- Jean M. Yarbrough on "Rewriting the Founding: Theodore Roosevelt as Historian", November 15, 2006.
- Cornel West on "The Gifts of Black Folk in the Age of Terrorism", two parts, October 20 & 21, 2006.
- Mark A. Noll on "Race, Religion, and American Politics from Nat Turner to George W. Bush", three parts, October 17, 18, 19, 2006
- Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London 1674 to 1834 - "Fully searchable online edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing accounts of over 100,000 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court." Also known as the Old Bailey Sessions Papers. See Digitizing the Hanging Court by Guy Gugliotta, Smithsonian, April, 2007, pp. 66-75.
- Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration - With selected full-text articles. The Summer 1997 Special Issue: Federal Records and African American History has 16 articles on the use of federal records in African American historical research.
- Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States - New volume added to the Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States (William J. Clinton, 1995, Vol. 1).
- Pulitzer Prizes - There is a history category.
- Raid on Deerfield: the Many Stories of 1704 - Multimedia site created by the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association (PVMA) / Memorial Hall Museum, Deerfield, Massachusetts.
- "Ready, 'Net, Go!" Archival Internet Resources - "Archival "meta index," or index of archival indexes.That is, from here we refer you to the major indexes, lists, and databases of archival resources."
- Red Scare - Database of 300 images and over 500 text files documenting the period in the history of the United States immediately following World War I. Created by Leo Robert Klein, Web Coordinator and Digital Resources Developer at the William and Anita Newman Library, Baruch College, CUNY.
- Remembering Nagasaki - Exploratorium
- Reports of the Secretary of War - Subtitled: With Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso; Also The Report of Capt. R. B. Marcy's Route from Fort Smith to Santa Fe; and the Report of Lieut. J. H. Simpson [James Hervey Simpson (1813-1883)] of an Expedition into the Navaho Country; and The Report of Lieutenant W. H. C. Whiting's Reconnaisances of the Western Frontier of Texas, Executive Document No. 64, U.S. Senate, 31st Congress, 1st Session, July 24, 1850. Full-text of Harvard University copy bequeathed by Francis Parkman can be found in Google Books. Of particular interest is Journal of a military reconnaisance from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Navajo country, made with the troops under the command of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel John M. Washington, chief of the 9th military department, and governor of New Mexico, in 1849, by James H. Simpson, A.M., First Lieutenat Corps of Topographical Engineers. The journal (pp. 55-168) includes several appendices and "seventy-five sketches and drawings of great interest and highly necessary to illustrate the report." Watson Smith describes Simpson as an "interested and careful observer" (p. 84, Kiva Mural Decorations at Awativiand Kawaika-a). The journal describes August and September 1849. "I also submit a number of sketches illustrative of the personal, natural, and artificial objects met with on the route, including portraits of distinguished chiefs, costume, scenery, singular geological formations, petrifactions, ruins, and fac similes of ancient inscriptions found engraven on the side walls of a rock of stupendous proportions, and of fair surface. (Simpson gives credit to his assistants, brothers R. H. Kern and E. M. Kern, for the maps and sketches). The plates begin on p. 251. See, for example, Color Plate #6, You-Pel-Lay, or the Green Corn Dance of the Jemez Indians, August 19th (1849). See also Navaho Expedition: Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Navaho Country Made in 1849 edited and annotated by Frank McNitt, Norman, University of Oklahoma Press .
- Repositories of Primary Sources - Terry Abraham's listing of over 3500 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar.
- Revised history of Harlem (City of New York): its origin and early annals, prefaced by home scenes in the fatherlands, or, notices of its founders before emigration.: Also, sketches of numerous families, and the recovered history of the land-titles ... - By James Riker. Published in 1904, the book is a rich resource for early New York history. Making of America Project,, University of Michigan.
- Revolution and Romanticism
- La revolution francaise: Culture et Patrimoine - Ministère de La Justice. With search engine.
- Royal Historical Society Bibliography - "Authoritative guide to what has been written about British and Irish history from the Roman period to the present day. The Bibliography is hosted by the Institute of Historical Research, which is part of the University of London."
- Rutgers Oral History Archives - Contains over 450 interviews (transcripts only - no audio) of participants in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, the Archives is described as an "enterprise to record the personal experiences of the men and women who served on the home front and overseas. It is based on in-depth interviews of individuals who lived through these conflicts, beginning with an initial target group of Rutgers College alumni and Douglass College alumnae." You can search the archives (try a search for zeta psi). See Where War Stories Come Alive by Winnie Hu, New York Times, December 23, 2007: an "unusual collection of more than 700 first-person accounts that document the role that generations of Rutgers graduates and New Jersey residents have played in military conflicts from World War II to the Gulf War. The contributors include Frederick J. Kroesen, a retired four-star Army general, and Jack Jacobs, an MSNBC military analyst and retired Army colonel who received the Medal of Honor for his service in Vietnam."
- Samuel J. May Anti-Slavery Collection - 10,000 digitized “pamphlets, leaflets, broadsides, newsletters of local and regional anti-slavery societies, sermons, essays, and arguments for and against slavery” donated to Cornell University in 1870 by the American abolitionist Reverend Samuel J. May.
- Save America's Treasures - Public-private partnership of the White House Millennium Council and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. There is a list of Official Projects with links to project Web sites.
- Searchebooks.com - Locate e-texts. A search, for Charolotte Bronte, for example, located 102 matches.
- Secession Era Editorials Project - Furman University Department of History project has collected newspaper editorials on four major secession-related events: Kansas-Nebraska Bill (1854), Dred Scott Case (1857), John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry (Oct.-Dec. 1859), and the Caning of Sumner (May 1856), the attack on Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner by South Carolina representative Preston Brooks.
- Secrets of the Norman Invasion - Nick Austin
- Selected Civil War Photographs - Library of Congress collection "contains 1,118 photographs. Most of the images were made under the supervision of Mathew B. Brady, and include scenes of military personnel, preparations for battle, and battle after-effects. The collection also includes portraits of both Confederate and Union officers, and a selection of enlisted men."
- Siege and Commune of Paris, 1870-1871 - Searchable and browsable collection of 1200 digitized photographs and images recorded during the Siege and Commune of Paris; also includes caricatures, landscapes, portraits, and documents. (Northwestern University Library.)
- 1755 - The French and Indian War Homepage - Larry Roux
- Shelburne Museum - Shelburne, Vermont
- Simplicissimus - Full-text of Volume 1, 1896-97 through Volume 49, 1944. [In German]. Klassik Stiftung Weimar. You can browse (blättern) the volumes. If you have problems accessing larger images in IE, switch to Firefox. Search for George Grosz or Thomas Theodore Heine. Some examples:
- "Heil Preußen" by Karl Arnold [1883-1953], 37 Jahrgang, Nr.7, 15 Mai 1932.
- Bülows Neujahr by Thomas Theodor Heine (1867-1948), 12 Jahrgang, Nr.40, 30 Dezember 1907.
- Sixties Project - Kali Tal, IATH Project, University of Virginia
- Slave Voices From The Special Collections Library - Duke University.
- Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 - More than 100 pamphlets and books published between 1772 and 1889 on the experiences of African and African-American slaves in the American colonies and the United States. "Highlights of the collection include the cases of Somerset v. Stewart, 1772, which laid the groundwork for the abolition of slavery in England, and Dred Scott, 1857, which helped precipitate the Civil War, as well as the memoirs of Daniel Drayton, who helped slaves escape to freedom. Other materials document the work of John Quincy Adams and William Lloyd Garrison to abolish slavery and the trial of John Brown. The collection contains courtroom transcripts, important speeches from trials, lawyers' trial arguments, and Supreme Court decisions. A special presentation shows a manuscript slave code of 1860 from the District of Columbia." (Danna C. Bell-Russel)
- Society for French Historical Studies - See their Awards & Prizes for scholarly excellence.
- Society for Historians of the Early American Republic (SHEAR) - Publishers of the Journal of the Early Republic, "a quarterly journal committed to publishing the best scholarship on the history and culture of the United States in the years of the early republic (1776–1861)."
- Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations
- Society of American Archivists
- Spain, The United States, and The American Frontier: Historias Paralelas - "Examines the history of Spanish expansion into North America from Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas across the continent through Louisiana and Texas to the Southwest, California, and as far as Alaska." A digital collaboration of the National Library of Spain, the Biblioteca Columbina y Capitular of Seville and the Library of Congress, the Digital Collections include texts, maps, manuscripts, photographs and prints.
- South Street Seaport Museum - New York
- Spy Letters of the American Revolution - Clements Library, University of Michigan.
- Statistical Abstract of the United States - U.S. Census Bureau. Data is available from 1878 to the present.
- Subject Guides & Directories: American and British History Resources on the Internet ( Rutgers University); American Civil War (Jim Janke, Dakota State University); American Civil War Homepage (George H. Hoemann); American Cultural History: the Twentieth Century (Peggy Whitley, Kingwood College Library); Ancient and Medieval Studies: Internet Resources for Medievalists (Columbia University); World History Sources (George Mason University); Discoverers Web (Andre Engels); Dix-Neuf: ressources sur le dix-neuvième siècle;
- Surveyors of the American West - Here you'll find William Henry Jackson's Diary While Photographing Along the Line of the Union Pacific RY (1869), Stereoscopic Views and Mammoth Prints as well as and Robert Brewster Stanton's Field Notes and Gallery. (Part of the New York Public Library Digital Library Collection.)
- Tales of the Early Republic - Hal Morris. His Readings in Jacksonian America "aims to, in time, provide samplings of every aspect of the era, as well as an encyclopedic bibliography..."
- Talking History - Organization of American Historians. There is a Show Selector. There are interviews with
Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, (December 19, 2005) and with
Camilla Townsend, author of Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma (March 13, 2006).
- Talking History - Weekly radio program produced by the Department of History at the University of Albany has audio archive.
- Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture -Tennessee Historical Society
- This Day in History - History Channel
- Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive - University of Virginia Library. Includes Electronic Texts by or to Jefferson and Thomas Jefferson : A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography of writings about him, 1826-1997.
- Thomas Jefferson Online - PBS film by Ken Burns
- Thomas Jefferson Papers - Library of Congress collection consists of over 83,000 images including correspondence, commonplace books, financial account books, and manuscript volumes. Searchable by keyword or browsable by collection.
- Timewatch - BBC television and radio shows. Previous shows include:
- Viking Voyage
- Titanic - Special exhibit from Britannica Online. Related sites, Philip Hind's Encyclopedia Titanica, the Discovery Channel's Titanic: Raising a Legend, Twentieth Century Fox's official site for the movie Titanic, and Wired Magazine's Lunch on the Deck of the Titanic.
- Today in History - Daily historical facts highlighted by materials from the Library of Congress's American Memory collections.
- Travels in Southeastern Europe - 137 titles that "describe southeastern Europe, and in particular, Bosnia and Hercegovina, throughout history." (University of Michigan Digital Library(UMDL).) A search for vamp* retrieves 22 records.
- Trenton Falls - Spectacular series of waterfalls on the West Canada Creek located 14 miles north of Utica, New York near the towns of Barneveld and Remsen. This was a major tourist attraction in the 19th century but is now largely unknown. "After being closed for nearly 100 years, approximately one mile of scenic trails allow the public to visit the site. The stone dust and wood mulch trails lead visitors to stunning views of the gorge and its waterfalls. Interpretive panels provide information on hydropower, geology and history. In the mid-1800s the site featured an exclusive resort hotel and was a "must see" destination between the East Coast and Niagara Falls. In October 2004, more than 4,000 visitors flocked to the site for its inaugural weekends." (This is from a Brascan Power Press Release.) In 2005 Brascan Power opened the Falls to the public on October 1st & 2nd and October 8th & 9th. The Town Of Trenton provides Directions to Trenton Falls.
Early travel books describing Trenton Falls include Trenton Falls, picturesque and descriptive (1851) by N. Parker Willis,
A description of Trenton Falls, Oneida county, N.Y. (1844) by John Sherman, and
Descriptive guide to the Adirondacks, (land of the thousand lakes) and to Saratoga Springs; Schroon Lake; Lakes Luzerne, George, and Champlain; the Ausable Chasm; the Thousand Islands; Massena Springs; and Trenton Falls (1894) by Edwin R. Wallace, all from the Cornell University Library New York State Historical Literature Collection.
It also is of great interest to geologists. See
Geologic Overview of the Trenton Group at West Canada Creek, New York - Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. See also Trenton Falls Scenic Trails and Trenton Falls, Chapter 13, Mohawk: Discovering the Valley of the Crystals by M. Paul Keesler. Trenton Falls, Picturesque and Descriptive. Nearby are two lovely roads to explore: Dover Road and Military Road. See
Town of Russia - Roads which provides the following information "The best known of the first roads was State/Military Road that was built across the hills, originally called the State Road when it was surveyed in 1806 and then opened to travel in 1808. After leaving Albany to Johnstown, it followed a course through the Town of Oppenheim to Dolgeville and then turned northwesterly through the settlements of Salisbury, Salisbury Corners, Norway, Cold Brook, Russia, Boon's Bridge on the West Canada Creek near Prospect, and then northward to Remsen and Boonville, and eventually to Sackett's Harbor. It is the oldest road in the Town, running from southeast to northeast across the Town. During the War of 1812 this road was used to supply the fort at Oswego on Lake Ontario. Troops were marched over it and chains were carried north to close the St. Lawrence River to the British. In the early 1900's the section in Herkimer County was named Military Road."
- Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire - History, photographs, reports, oral histories, bibliography and links to related web sites provided by the Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives at Cornell University in cooperation with the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE!).
- Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture: A Multimedia Archive
- Urban Landscape Digital Image Access Project - Duke University database contains 1000 images from fourteen different collections.
- The United States and its Territories, 1870-1925 The Age of Imperialism - "Full text of monographs and government documents published in the United States, Spain, and the Philippines between 1870 and 1925" drawn from the University of Michigan Library's Southeast Asia collection.
- U.S. Army Center of Military History - Although somewhat difficult to navigate, there is a vast amount of information here. Some highlights include
Selections from the Viet Nam Interview Tape (VNIT) Collection,
Army Historical Series,
Army Amphibian Tractor and Tank Battalions in the Battle of Saipan, links to Army Museums,
selected full-text World War II Publications including
Guadalcanal: The First Offensive,
Utah Beach to Cherbourg,
The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge and
Command Decisions. The site is searchable and includes a Finding Aids section.
- U.S. Army Military History Institute - With alphabetical and chronological lists of documents.
- U.S. Civil War Center - Mission of this Louisiana State University site is to "promote the study of the Civil War from the perspectives of all professions, occupations and academic disciplines; To locate, index, and make available all appropriate private and public data on the Internet regarding the Civil War." The Civil War Book Review is searchable by author, title, keyword or reviewer.
- U.S. Civil War Generals - Concise index to the Generals who fought on both sides in the US Civil War was created by Kerry Webb of Canberra, Australia.
- U.S. Diplomatic History Resources Index - Index of resources available to historians of U.S. foreign policy on the Internet edited by Nicholas Evan Sarantakes.
- U.S. Founding Documents - Emory University School of Law
- U.S. Historical Documents - A Chronology of US Historical Documents - University of Oklahoma Law Center
- U.S. History Resources By Chronological Period - Library of Congress, American Memory Project
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- United States Newspaper Program - "Cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present." Has contact information and links to state participants. Provides contact information and links for most states.
- University Publications of America Research Collections - With detailed information about their Microform Collection Guides
- Utah History Encyclopedia - 575 articles by over two hundred contributors on individuals, organizations, locations, institutions, and topics important to Utah history. Edited by Allan Kent Powell and originally published by the University of Utah Press. You can also search the Utah Collections Multimedia Encyclopedia.
- Valley of the Shadow: Living the Civil War in Pennsylvania and Virginia - Edward L. Ayers, University of Virginia
- Victoria Research Web - Patrick Leary
- Vietnam War Bibliography - By Edwin E. Moïse, History Department, Clemson University.
- Vietnam War Bibliography - Edwin E. Moïse
- Virgin Land: The American West As Symbol and Myth - Hypertext version of Henry Nash Smith's 1950 book made available by Ian Finseth, University of Virginia American Studies department.
- The Virginia Experiment
- Virginia Military Institute Archives Civil War Resources - Full-text of Confederate soldier William J. Black's diary, other selected letters , photographs, correspondence, reports and records.
- Voices From the Smithsonian Associates - "Online streaming programs featuring lectures and discussions by world renowned scholars, performers and authors." With Online Programs Topical Index. Historians include Ted Alexander, Stephen Ambrose, Karen Armstrong, Edwin C. Bearss, Roger Kennedy, Doris Kearns Goodwin, James McPherson, John Simon and Elie Wiesel.
- WWW-VL History - Maintained by Lynn H. Nelson at the University of Kansas
- War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies - United States War Department, 1880-1901. Consists of 70 volumes of reports and correspondence from Union and Confederate sources documenting military operations of the Civil War. From Cornell University's Making of America collection. For correspondence relating to the the Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863), see Series 1 - Volume 27 (Part III) starting on page 457.
- War Times Journal - Offers articles and archives relating to military history and military science. Includes an on-line edition of Eddie Rickenbacker's World War I memoirs, Fighting the flying circus.
- Warburg Institute - University of London.
- Library - Provides access to their online catalogues.
- Photographic Collection
- Wars for Viet Nam: 1945 to 1975 - “Developed around the course materials for Robert Brigham's senior seminar on the Viet Nam War at Vassar College.”
- WESSWEB: Western European Studies Section - "Western European Studies Section (WESS) is part of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a division of the American Library Association. WESS is professionally involved in the acquisition, organization, and use of information sources originating in or related to Western European countries. Our aim is to promote the improvement of library services supporting study and research in Western European affairs from ancient times to the present."
- The Whole World Was Watching: an oral history of 1968 - "Resource contains transcripts, audio recordings, and edited stories of a series of interviews conducted in the spring of 1998. Members of the Sophomore Class at SKHS interviewed Rhode Islanders about their recollections of the year 1968. Their stories, which include references to the Vietnam War, the struggle for Civil Rights, the Assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy as well as many more personal memories are a living history of one of the most tumultuous years in United States history." A joint project between South Kingstown High School and Brown University's Scholarly Technology Group, which had an number of interesting projects.
- William L. Clements Library - University of Michigan. “The Clements Library collects primary source materials in all formats relating to the history of America prior to the mid-twentieth century. The holdings are particularly strong in the intellectual, cultural, and military history of the late colonial period, the Early Republic, and the 19th century, but are very broad and richly interconnected.”
- Manuscripts Division
Index to Manuscript Guides
Women in History Collection Guide
Schoff Civil War Collections
- Winthrop Society: Descendants of the Great Migration - Settlers, ships, texts, portraits, and links.
- Wisconsin Electronic Reader - Stories, essays, letters, poems, biographies, journals and tidbits from Wisconsin history. (A cooperative project of the University of Wisconsin General Library System and the State Historical Society of Wisconsin in celebration of the sesquicentennial of Wisconsin statehood.)
- Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1830-1930 - Provides access to over 1500 primary documents focusing on women's reform activities in the U.S. (State University of New York at Binghamton)
- Words & Deeds in American History - Subtitled "Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years ", the Library of Congress site provides "approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officer and diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists and writers, scientists and inventors."
- Working in Paterson: Occupational Heritage in an Urban Setting - 470 interview excerpts and 3882 photographs from the Working in Paterson Folklife Project of the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.The four-month study of occupational culture in Paterson, New Jersey, was conducted in 1994." There are some interesting audio component, including, for example, Thomas D. Carroll's
Interview with Ralph Soria, conducted on September 13, 1994. Soria, is the owner of Soria Real Estate Agency on Oliver Street in Paterson.
- World Heritage List - UNESCO's list of cultural and natural heritage World properties recognized as exhibiting "outstanding universal value", arranged alphabetically by country. Included are cities, structures, parks, archaeological sites, monuments, canals, historic routes, landscapes, and fortifications. Among the properties added in 2004 are Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley, Andorra; Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang, China; the Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties , China and Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom, China; Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens Melbourne, Australia; Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica; Complex of Koguryo Tombs, Democratic People's Republic of Korea; Ilulissat Icefjord, Denmark; Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen in Germany; Muskauer Park / Park Muzakowski, Germany and Poland; Dresden Elbe Valley
, Germany; Þingvellir National Park, Iceland; Great Living Chola Temples, India; Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, India: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), India; Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra, Indonesia; Pasargadae, Iran; Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Iran; Val d'Orcia, Italy; Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia, Italy;
- World History Sources - "Guide to 200 of the best online primary source archives in world history with a review of each site’s merits, limitations, and teaching potential."
- World Monuments Fund - "Private, nonprofit organization founded in 1965 by individuals concerned about the accelerating destruction of important artistic and architectural treasures throughout the world". Provides list of 100 Most Endangered Sites.
- World War I Document Archive - Archive of primary documents from World War I has been assembled by volunteers of the World War I Military History List and edited by Jane Plotke & Richard Hacken. Also available at http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/.
- World War I - Trenches on the Web - Extensive links to online resources covering World War I: photograph and poster archives, maps, descriptions of weapons, biographies, songs, timelines, etc.
- World War II Commemoration - Grolier Online has put together what they believe "to be the definitive collection of World War II historical materials on the Web."
- World War II Poster Collection - Government Publications Department at Northwestern University Library has a comprehensive collection of over 300 posters issued by U.S. Federal agencies from the onset of war through 1945.
- World War II Resources: Primary Source Materials on the Web - "Holds several complete books and several hundred individual documents, all original material relating to WWII. The Pearl Harbor Archives hold more than 5,000 pages of documents, exhibits, and testimonies surrounding the attack on Pearl Harbor." Hosted by Metalab, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
- World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 - Paul V. Galvin Library Digital History Collection, Illinois Institute of Technology
- Wright American Fiction, 1851-1875 - Collection of 19th century American fiction, as listed in Lyle Wright's bibliography which attempts to include every novel published in the United States from 1851 to 1875. Over 1700 electronic texts are included. Project of the Indiana University Digital Library Program.
- WWW Virtual Library: History: Electronic Texts
- Youngstown State University Oral History Collection - Transcripts of over eleven hundred interviews. Examples:
- Labor and management in the steel strike of 1937 - Charles Hogg, Sr.; interviewed by William Jenkins. Transcript of interview taped on November 7, 1974.
- 1952 Youngstorn Sheet & Tube steel strike - Robert McColloh; interviewed by Andrew Russ. Transcript of interview taped on November 11, 1988.
- 1952 Youngstown Sheet & Tube steel strike - Russell L. Thomas; interviewed by Andrew Russ. Transcript of interview taped on October 28, 1988.
- Shutdown of Youngstown Sheet and Tube - Clingan Jackson; interviewed by Philip Bracy. Transcript of interview taped on November 6, 1981. Clingan Jackson was the political editor of the Youngstown Vindicator in September 1977 when the news of the closure broke.
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